Bible Dictionary
T
(* = the name meaning)

tabernacle
(tab-ur-nak-uhl)

The Israelites' portable place of worship during the Exodus; a tent sanctuary. The tabernacle was made of lightweight parts that could easily be put together and taken down. God put Bezalel and Oholiab in charge of making it. Hundreds of Israelites carried the pieces as they traveled. Exodus 25:1-31:11 and 35:4 - 40:38 give detailed instructions for every piece of it. When the Israelites got to Canaan, they placed the tabernacle in Shiloh. The temple replaced it.
Exodus 26:1-37
Exodus 40:1-38
Hebrews 8:1- 6
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Tabitha            (* Gazelle)
(tab-i-thuh)
Another name for Dorcas.
Acts 9:36 - 41
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tablets
(tab-lets)
A piece of stone used for writing.
Exodus 32:15-16
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Tabor
(tay-bor)
Mount Tabor: A mountain in Galilee 10 kilometers east of Nazareth.
Judges 4:6-14
A Levitical city in the territory allotted to Zebulun, possibly on or near Mount Tabor.
1 Chronicles 6:77
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talent
(tal-ent)
A unit of weight equal to about 34 kilograms, or 75 pounds; 60 minas; 3,000 shekels. Like the mina and the shekel, the talent could be used as a standard unit in trade. One talent was a lot of money.
2 Samuel 12:30
2 Chronicles 3:8
Matthew 25:14-3O
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Tamar                    (* palm tree)
(tay-mar)
Daughter of David; sister of Absalom; half-sister of Amnon. Tamar was so beautiful that Amnon took advantage of her.  Absalom avenged Tamar by killing Amnon.
2 Samuel 13:1-32
Wife of Judah's son Er. After Er died, Tamar married Judah's son Onan.
Genesis 38:6-11
Absalom's only daughter.
2 Samuel 14-27
An unknown place along Israel's border with Edom in the Arabah south- southwest of the Dead Sea.
 Ezekiel 47:18-19
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tambourine
(tam-bor-een)
In Israel, a hand-held drum with jingles attached that was usually played by women during celebrations and parades. Tambourines were not allowed in the temple.
Exodus 15:20
Psalm 81:2
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Tarshish
(tar-shish)
A port city in Arabia near Sheba.
2 Chronicles 2O:36
Ezekiel 38:13
A port city somewhere in the Mediterranean Sea. The prophet Jonah tried to run away to Tarshish.
Jonah 1:3
Jonah 4:2
One of the advisors who agreed with Memucan's recommendation that King
Ahasuerus replace Vashti.
Esther 1:13-22
One Javan's sons.
Genesis 10:4
Head of his clan in the tribe of Benjamin; son of Blihan.
1 Chronicles 7:10
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Tarsus
(tar-suhss)
Capital city of Cilicia and the apostle Paul's hometown. Tarsus was in southeast Asia Minor.
Acts 9:3O
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tax collector
(taks cuh-lek-tur)
In New Testament times, a person who collected money from citizens and paid a portion of it to the Roman government. The Jews hated tax collectors because they worked for the Romans, took money for themselves, and did business with Gentiles. Jesus' disciple Matthew was a tax collector.
Matthew 10:3
Mark 2:15
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Tema             (* south)
(tee-muh)
Son of Ishmael and the tribe named after him; grandson of Abraham. Tema's people settled in northern Arabia and were the target of some of Jeremiah's prophecies.
Isaiah 21:13-17
Jeremiah 25:23-29
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temple
(tem-puhl)
God's "house"; a place of worship; a sanctuary that is used for worship.
The temple built by Solomon: The Bible's most famous temple, a grand building of stone and wood built in Jerusalem over a period of seven years.
1 Kings 5:1-6
1 Kings 6:37-38
The temple rebuilt by Zerubbabel: Shortly after the exiles returned to Jerusalem, Zerubbabel and others rebuilt the temple that had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar's invading army. The prophets Haggai and Zechanah wrote about this temple.
Ezra 1:1-8
The temple built by Herod: King Herod invaded Jerusalem in 37 b.c. and damaged the temple walls, but he returned to repair and rebuild it 17 years later. This project doubled the temple's size. This is the temple that was in place when Jesus taught.
John 2:13-22
Other temples: The Canaanites, Philistines, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Egyptians, Ephesians, and many other peoples of Bible times built temples for their gods. Samson destroyed the temple of Dagon.
2 Kings 1:2
Acts 14:13
Acts 19:27,35
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tempt
(tempt)
To lure, entice, or coax someone into temptation; to try to make a person want to sin. The devil is called the tempter, but God never tempts anyone.
Matthew 4:1-11
1 Corinthians 10:13
James 1:13-15
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temptation
(tem-tay-shuhn)
Wanting to sin; the desire to sin; any time of wanting to sin. Jesus taught his disciples to pray that God will lead them away from temptation.
Matthew 6:13
Luke 22.40
1 Corinthians 10:13
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Ten Commandments
(ten cuh-mand-ments)
The 10 laws given by God to Moses at Mount Sinai during the Exodus. The Ten Commandments form the core of God's law and the heart of God's covenant with Israel. God himself wrote the commandments on two stone tablets. They are recorded in Exodus 20:1-17 and Deuteronomy 5:4-21.
Exodus 20:1-17
Deuteronomy 5:4-21
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tent of meeting
(tent uhv meet-ing)
The tent where God met with Moses before the Israelites built the tabernacle.
Exodus 33:7-11
Another term for the tabernacle.
Exodus 35:20-21
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tenth hour
(tenth our)
Ten-twelfths of daylight after sunrise; two-twelfths of daylight before sundown.
 John 1:39
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tentmaker
(tent-may-kur)
A person who makes tents. The apostle Paul earned his living as a tentmaker.
Acts 18:3
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Terah
(tair-uh)
Father of Abram, Nahor and Haran; son of Nahor.
Genesis: 11:24-32
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Thaddaeus
(thad-ee-uhss)
One of Jesus' Twelve disciples; son of James. We know little about him.
Matthew 10:3
Mark 3:18
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thank offering
(thangk awf-ur-ing)
One of three kinds of fellowship offerings; a sacrifice that a person offers to God as an expression of gratitude to him. The rules about thank offerings are in Leviticus 7:11-15.
Leviticus 7:11-15
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Theophilus
(thee-ah-fil-uhss)
The person to whom Luke wrote the book of Luke and the book of Acts. The name "Theophilus" means "friend of God."
Luke 1:1-4
Acts 1:1-3
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Thessalonians
(thess-uh-loh-nee-uhnz)
People who lived in Thessalonica.
Christians of the church in Thessalonica.
1 Thessalonians 1:1
Two books of the New Testament: First Thessalonians and Second Thessalonians.
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Thessalonians, First
(thess-uh-loh-nee-uhnz, furst)
Thirteenth book of the New Testament, a letter written by the apostle Paul to the Christians at the church in Thessalonica. Paul wrote this letter to teach people and to remind them of the promise of Christ's return.
1 Thessalonians 1:1-3
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Thessalonians, Second
(thess-uh-loh-nee-uhnz, sek-uhnd)
Fourteenth book of the New Testament, a letter written by the apostle Paul to the Christians at the church in Thessalonica. Paul wrote this letter to clear up some confusion they had about Christ's return.
2 Thessalonians 2:1-3
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Thessalonica
(thess-uh-loh-nye-kuh)
A major port city in the Roman province of Macedonia in New Testament times. Thessalonica was located about 60 kilometers east-northeast of Berea. Paul visited the city during his second and third missionary journeys and started a church there that received two of his many New Testament letters. The city today, is one of the largest in Greece.
Acts 17:1, 11-13
Philippians 4:16
1 Thessalonians 1:1
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Thirty, the
(thur-tee, the)
An elite corps of David's mighty men. They are listed in 2 Samuel 23:24-39.
2 Samuel 23:24-39
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Thomas                (* a twin)
(tom-uhss)
One of Jesus' twelve disciples. Thomas is the one who doubted Jesus' resurrection after all the others had seen Jesus alive. In the Gospel of John, Thomas is called Didymus
Luke 6:15
John 11:16
John 20:24-29
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Three, the
(three, the)
An elite corps of David's mighty men: Jashobeam, EIeazar, and Shammah. Chief among them was Jashobeam. Another of David's mighty men, Abishai, commanded the Three in David's army. Their story is told in 2 Samuel 23:8-19.
2 Samuel 23:8-19
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threshing floor
(thresh-ing flor)
A space of flat rock or ground used for separating the seeds of grain from their shells.
1 Samuel 23:1-2
2 Samuel 24:18-25
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Tiberius Caesar
(tye-bihr-ee-uhss see-zur)
Second Roman emperor after Caesar Augustus. Tiberius Caesar came to power on September 17, AD. 14 and was still in power when John the Baptist started preaching and when Jesus died on the cross.
Luke 3:1
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Tigris
(tye-griss)
One of the two main rivers of Mesopotamia, opposite the Euphrates.
Genesis 2:14
Psalm 89:25
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Timothy                   (* worshipper of God)
(tim-uh-thee)
Jewish Christian leader who worked closely with Paul in his ministry from the time of
Paul's second missionary journey. Paul wrote the letters of First Timothy and Second Timothy to him. Timothy became such a close student of Paul that he called Timothy "my dear son.,,
Acts 16:1-3
1 Corinthians 16:10-11
2 Timothy 1:3-4
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Timothy, First
(tim-uh-thee, furst)
Fifteenth book of the New Testament and first of three pastoral epistles, a letter written by the apostle Paul to Timothy. Paul wrote this letter to teach and guide Timothy in his duties as a church leader.
1 Timothy 1:1-5
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Timothy, Second
(tim-uh-thee, sek-uhnd)
Sixteenth book of the New Testament and second of three pastoral epistles, a letter written by the apostle Paul to Timothy. Paul wrote this letter to give Timothy some final instructions. Timothy was pastor of the church at Ephesus; Paul was in prison awaiting execution.
2 Timothy 2:15
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tithe
(tyth)
"Tenth," a standard amount given to God by God's people. The tithe is taken from the goods or income produced. God required the Israelites to give tithes to the priests, Levites, aliens, widows, and orphans. The apostle Paul asked God's people to give generously and cheerfully.
Deuteronomy 14:22-29
Nehemiah 1O:35-39
Hebrews 7:4-1O
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Titus
(tye-tuss)
A Gentile Christian who worked with the apostle Paul in his ministry and who received the New Testament book of Titus. Titus spent some time in Jerusalem with Paul and Barnabas during the early days of Christianity. He also got the very difficult job of straightening out some of the problems in the church at Corinth, a job Paul gave him because he was so capable. When he received the book of Titus, he was a church leader in Crete.
2 Corinthians 7:13-16
2 Corinthians 8:16-24
Galatians 2:1-3
Titus 1:4-5
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Titus, book of
(tye-tuss, buk uhv)
Seventeenth book of the New Testament and third of the three pastoral epistles, a letter written by the apostle Paul to Titus. Titus was on Crete at the time and giving leadership to several churches there. Paul wanted to give Titus specific instructions on what to do next
Titus 1:4-5
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tomb
(toom)
A place where a dead person is buried.  Sometimes caves were used as tombs.
2 Chronicles 16:13-14
Luke 24:1-7
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Torah
(tor-uh)
The Hebrew word for law, often used in the Old Testament for God's law.
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tower
(tou-ur)
Usually a tall stone structure in the walls of a fortified city used for lookout.
Psalm 144:2
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tower of Babel
(tou-ur uhv ba-buhl)
See Babel
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Transfiguration, the
(tranz-fig-yur-ay-shuhn)
Name given to the time when Peter, James, and John saw Jesus in his glory.
Matthew17:2
Mark 9:2
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transgression
(tranz-gre-shuhn)
An older word for sin, lawlessness, or wrong-doing; violation of God's law.
Psalm 19:13
Romans 11:11-12
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tree of life
(tree uhv life)
Something that brings life or makes life go on. The word "tree" means "source." In the Bible, the term refers to two kinds of life:
Eternal life in God's presence--the kind of life that Adam and Eve gave up, and the kind that all God's people will enjoy in heaven.
Genesis 2:9
Genesis 3:22-24
Revelation 22:14, 19
Ongoing, joyful, successful life on earth.
Proverb 11:30
Proverb 13:12
Proverb 15:4
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trespass
(tress-pass)
An older word for sin.
Matthew 6:12
Romans 5:15
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tribe
(tribe)
A group of people who all trace their roots to the same person; a family unit larger than a clan but smaller than a nation. One tribe can have more than one clan. Many of the genealogies in First Chronicles and other Bible books list the clans within each of the twelve tribes of Israel.
Genesis 36:20-21
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tribes of Israel
(tribes uhv iz-ree-uhl)
Twelve family units that traced their roots to ten of Jacob's sons and two of Joseph's. Sons of Jacob: Reuben, Simeon, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. Sons of Joseph: Ephraim and Manasseh.
Genesis 49:28
Matthew 19:28-3O
Revelation 21:12
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tribulation, the great
(trib-yoo-lay-shuhn, the grate)
A time of suffering described in the book of Revelation when God's people are persecuted and martyred. The account in Revelation tells how all of those who come through this time will praise God as God welcomes them into heaven.
Revelation 7:14-17
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Trinity, the
(tri-ni-tee, the)
The Christian doctrine that one God exists in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The term trinity does not appear in the Bible, but the concept does.
John 1O:30-38
John 16:5-11
Colossians 2:9
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Triumphal Entry
(trye-uhm-ful en-tree)
The time when Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey and was greeted by a cheering crowd. The people made a path for Jesus with their cloaks, waved palm branches in the air, and shouted "Hosanna." The Christian holiday known as Palm Sunday celebrates this occasion.
Matthew 21:1-11
Luke 19:28-44
John 12:12-19
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trumpet
(truhm-pet)
A wind instrument usually made from a ram's horn, bone, or metal. The trumpets of Old and New Testament times had no moving parts.
Psalm 150:3
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Twelve, the
(twelv, the)
The twelve men Jesus chose to follow him and travel with him throughout his three-year ministry; also called apostles. The most prominent were Peter, James, and John. The others were Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot. Judas is always named last
Mark 3:16-19
Matthew 17:1;26:37
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