Bible Dictionary


Wife of the king. In the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, queens had little
power or authority. Most had to share the king with other wives and were not mentioned in genealogies. The most famous queens include Bathsheba, Jezebel' Vashti, Esther, and the queen of Sheba
Athaliah is the only queen of Israel or Judah who ever ruled in place of the king.
1 Kings 1:11-21
Esther 1:12
Esther 5:2

queen mother
(kween muh-thur)

Mother of the king. In the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, the queen mother always had more power and authority than the king's wives, and her name was always listed in the genealogies. Many wives' names were left out of the genealogies. Two of the Bible's most notable queen mothers are Bathsheba and Rehoboam's wife Maacah. One of the most evil was Athaliah.
1 Kings 2:13-18
2 Chronicles 22:10-12
Queen of Heaven
(kween uhv hev-en)
A name for the Mesopotamian goddess Ishtar
Jeremiah 7:18
Jeremiah 44:18
queen of Sheba
(kween uhv shee-buh)
Ruler of the land of Sheba who came to test Solomon "with hard questions" (1 Kings 10:2) and went away impressed by his wisdom. We do not know her name.
1 Kings 10:1-13
Publius Sulpicius Quirinius, legate (governor) of Syria during Jesus' birth.
Luke 2:2

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