Bible Dictionary
(* = the name meaning)


Commander of the Aramean army during the time of Elisha. Naaman was famous in Aram for his military leadership, and famous in Israel for being healed of leprosy by following Elisha's instructions.
2 Kings 5:16
One of Benjamin's sons and father of the Naamite clan. Naaman went to Egypt with Jacob and his family when Joseph invited them to come.
Genesis 46:21
Nabal (* foolish)
Abigail's husband before she married David. Nabal was a rich sheep farmer in Maon before his death. His name means 'fool."
1 Samuel 25:3, 25-26
Nadab (* liberal)
Aaron's oldest son and brother of Abihu; one of the priests who died during the Exodus for disobeying God's laws for burning incense.
Exodus  6:23
Son of Jeroboam I and second king of Israel after his father. Nadab reigned two years and then was assassinated by Baasha.
1 Kings 15:25
Nahum, book of   (*consolation)
(nay-huhm, buk uhv)
Thirty-fourth book of the Old Testament and seventh of the minor prophets. The prophecies of Nahum reaffirm God's love for Judah and explain why God was going to judge the people of Assyria (Nineveh).
Nahum 1:1
Naomi (* pleasant)
Israelite woman from the tribe of Judah who played a key part in Ruth's life. Naomi was Ruth's mother-in-law and a relative of Boaz. She was from Bethlehem.
Ruth 1:1-6

Naphtali  (* wrestling)

Jacob's son and the tribe of Israel named after him. Rachel was his mother.
Genesis 30:8
Numbers 1:42-43
The land allotted to the tribe of Naphtali.
Isaiah 9:1
Matthew 4:13

Barak was from the tribe of Naphtali. It was also the first tribe to be taken captive by the Assyrians.
Judges 4:6


Nathan (* he  has given)
A common name among the Israelites:

Prophet of Israel and counselor to King David. Nathan is famous for bringing several messages of God directly to David, including messages about the temple, Bathsheba, Uriah, and Solomon.
2 Samuel 7:2-4
2 Samuel 12:5-7
One of David and Bathsheba's sons; brother of Solomon.
2 Samuel 5:13-14
1Chronicles 3:5
Father of Igal.
2 Samuel 23:36
Brother of David's mighty man Joel.
1Chronicles 11:38
An Israelite leader who went to Jerusalem with Ezra.
Ezra 8:16
An Israelite in the tribe of Judah; son of Attai in Jerahmeel's clan.
1Chronicles 2:36
Nathanael (* God has given)
One of Jesus' Twelve disciples, possibly the same as Bartholomew. Nathanael first heard about Jesus from his friend Philip and is famous for saying, "Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?" (John 1:46).
John 1:45-49
John 2l:2
A person from the town of Nazareth. Many people called Jesus a Nazarene because Nazareth was his hometown.
In the days of the early church, Christians were sometimes called Nazarenes or members of the Nazarene sect of Judaism. A Nazarene is not the same as a Nazirite.
Matthew 2:23
Mark 14:67
Acts 24:5
A town in Galilee among the southern hills of Lebanon, in the territory originally allotted to Zebulun. Jesus grew up in Nazareth after Joseph and Mary settled there. It was south of Cana.
Matthew  26:71
John 18:7
Acts 3:6
A person who took a Nazirite vow; a person who promised to devote his or her life to God's service and abide by certain rules. The Nazirite could not drink wine or cut his hair. Samson is the most famous Nazirite. Amos also mentions Nazirites. The rules for Nazirites are found in Numbers 6.
Numbers 6:4
Judges 13:5
Judges 16:17

Nebuchadnezzar   (* O Nebo protect the landmark)

King of Babylonia who started the Exile of Judah. Nebuchadnezzar came to power during the reign of Jeholakim in Jerusalem. His army besieged and captured the city and took many Jews to Babylon. Jeholachin and Zedekioh ruled Judah under Nebuchadnezzar's control. Meanwhile, several important Jews served him in Babylon. Daniel and his friends are the most famous. Nebuchadnezzar is mentioned 90 times in the Old Testament. He is best known for his part in the lives of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego; for his dreams, which Daniel interpreted; and for a bout of insanity. The prophets Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel wrote about Nebuchadnezzar many times. He reigned from 605-562 B.C.
2 Kings 24:1
Ezra 6:5
Daniel 1:1
Nehemiah (* Jehovah hath consoled)
Jewish cupbearer to King Artaxerxes during the Exile. Nehemiah is most famous for returning to Jerusalem to lead his people in rebuilding the city walls. At that time he became governor of Judah. His story is told in the book of Nehemiah.
Nehemiah 8:9
Nehemiah, book of
(nee-uh-mye-uh, buk uhv)
Sixteenth book of the Old Testament and eleventh of the books of history. The book tells how Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem to rebuild the city walls, despite resistance from enemies. It also tells of Ezra's reform.
Nehemiah 12:26
New Jerusalem
(noo juh-roo-suh-lem)
The city that God will create as part of the new heavens and the new earth. It is described in the book of Revelation.
Revelation 3:12
Revelation 21:2

Nicodemus    (* conquerer of the people)

A Pharisee, member of the Sanhedrin, and secret disciple of Jesus. Nicodemus is famous for coming to Jesus at night and asking, "How can an old man go back into his mother's womb and be born again?" (John 3:4). He also helped Joseph of Arimathea bury Jesus' body.
John 3:1-10
John 7:50
John 19:39
The river of Egypt.
Exodus 2:14
Exodus 8:3
Ezekiel 29:9
Capital city of Assyria, located in the north of Mesopotamia on the east bank of the Tigris River. Jonah and Nahum prophesied to the people of Nineveh.
Jonah 1:1-3
Nahum 1:1, 8

Noah (* rest)

The only blameless man living on earth" generations after Adam and Eve; son of Lamech Noah is famous for building the ark that the only survivors of the flood. His sons Ham, and Japheth became the ancestors of every nation on earth.  Noah's story is told Genesis 6:1-10:32 and in Hebrews 11.
Genesis 5:32
Genesis 7:1-5
1 Peter 3:18-21
* One of Zelophehad's daughters. (* motion)

Numbers, book of
(nuhm-burz, buk uhv)

Fourth book of the Old Testament and fourth of the books of law. The book is called Numbers because it includes two censuses and many other numbers. But it tells mainly about Israel's wanderings in the desert during the Exodus. Numbers was written by Moses.
Numbers 2:3-8
Numbers 12:1-5
Numbers 26:63-64
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