(* He Makes Sorrow)
• An Israelite of the tribe of Judah mentioned in the genealogies of First Chronicles.Jabin (*Discerning)
• A place in Judah.
• King of Hazor during the conquest of Canaan. Jabin and his Canaanite allies were defeated by Joshua.Jacob (* Supplanter)
• King of Hazor during the time of Deborah. It was Jabin's forces under Sisera's command that were defeated by Barak and Deborah.
Joshua 11:1, 6
Son of Isaac and Rebekah ; grandson of Abraham; twin brother of Esau. Jacob is famous for tricking his brother into selling his birthright, for stealing Esau's blessing, and for moving his family to Egypt. God named him Israel after they wrestled at Peniel. Jacob's story is told in Genesis 26-5O.Jael (*Mountain Goat)
Wife of Heber who killed Sisera in her tent after Barak and Deborah forced out Sisera's forces. The story can be found in Judges 4:17-24.Jahaziel (*God Sees)
An Israelite from the clan of Asaph who urged Jehoshaphat king of Judah, to resist the Moabite and Ammonite invaders. Jahaziel's words were a prophesy and promise of victory.Jairus
2 Chronicles 20:14
A Jewish synagogue ruler who brought his daughter to Jesus for healing.James
• Jewish fisherman from Galilee who followed Jesus as one of the Twelve; son of Zebedee; brother of John.James, book of
• Another of Jesus' Twelve disciples; son of Alphaeus.
• Author of the book of James. James did not believe in Jesus' message until after Jesus died and rose again. He gave an important speech in Jerusalem shortly after the church got started; it is recorded in Acts 15:13-21.
• Father of Thaddaeus.
Twentieth book of the New Testament and second of the general letters. The book of James tells us how to live as Christians. It was written around A.D. 63.Japheth (* Enlargement)
Son of Noah and one of only eight people who survived the flood. Noah blessed Japheth for showing more respect than Ham.Jason
Jewish Christian in Thessalonica who opened his home to Paul and Silas during Paul's second missionary journey. Jealous enemies of Paul, kidnapped Jason and had him arrested on false charges of causing a riot. The Jason named in Romans 16:21 may be the same man.javelin
Acts 17:6-7, 9
A throwing spear. Goliath approached David with a javelin on his back.Jebusites
1 Samuel 17:45
A small clan that lived in and around Jebus during the time of the judges; descendants of Canaan. The Jebusites were a smaller group than the Amorites Canaanites, and Girgashites that lived around them. They disappeared as a clan some time after David captured Jebus for Israel.Jehoahaz (*Jehovah hath grasped)
2 Samuel 5:6-7
• Another name for Ahaziah, sixth king of Judah.
2 Chronicles 25:17,23
• Son of Jehu and eleventh king of Israel after his father. Jehoahaz reigned 17 years.
2 Kings 10:35
• Son of Josiah and seventeenth king of Judah after his father; also called Shallum. Jehoahaz reigned only three months because Judah was under Egypt's control, and Pharaoh Neco did not approve of him. Neco placed his brother Jehoiakim on the throne in his place. Jehoahaz died in Egypt as the prophet Jeremiah predicted.
2 Kings 23:3O
Jehoiachin (* Jehovah has appointed)
Son of Jehoiakim and nineteenth king of Judah after his father. Jehoiachin came to
power when Nebuchadnezzar put down Jehoiakim's revolt against Babylonia and made Jehoiachin king in his place. Nebuchadnezzar changed his mind after only three months and 10 days, and replaced Jehoiachin with his brother Zedekiah. Jehoiachin was carried off to Babylon with his wife and family.
2 Kings 24:6
Jehoiakim (* Jehovah raises up)
Son of Josiah and eighteenth king of Judah after his younger brother Jehoahaz. Pharaoh Neco made Jehoiakim king in place of his brother at a time when Egypt controlled Judah. Jehoiakim's given name was Eliakim, but Neco made him change it. Jehoiakim reigned 11 years.Jehoshaphat (* Jehovah has judged)
1 Chronicles 3:15
Son of Asa and fourth king of Judah after his father. Jehoshaphat arranged for the marriage of his son Jehoram to Ahab's daughter Athaliah, in order to improve relations with Israel. Jehoshaphat was known as a good king who followed God's ways. He reigned 25 years.Jehovah (* I Am)
2 Chronicles 2O:1
2 Chronicles 22:9
God's name. This form of the name comes from a combination of YHWH, the HebrewJehovah-jireh
name for God, with the vowels in Adonai, the Hebrew word for Lord.
"The Lord will Provide," a name for God.Jehovah-nissi
"The LORD is my Banner," a name for God.Jehovah-shalom
"The Lord is Peace," a name for God.Jehovah-shammah
'The Lord is There," a name for God.Jehovah-tsidkenu
"The LORD is our Righteousness," a name for God.Jehu (* Jehovah is He)
Son of Jehoshaphat and tenth king of Israel after Jehoram. Jehu came to power by assassinating Jehoram and taking his place. Jehu reigned for 28 years, but lost a lot of territory to Hazael, king of Syria.Jehudi (* A Jew)
2 Kings 9:14-2O
2 Kings 1O:30-31
An official in the service of King Jehoiakim during the time of Jeremiah; son of Nethaniah. Jehudi is the official who got a scroll of Jeremiah's prophesies from Baruch and read them to the king. He was also among the officials who told Baruch and Jeremiah to hide from the king. Jehoiakim burned the scroll.Jephthah (* He sets free)
A Son of Gilead and eighth judge of Israel after Jair. Jephthah defeated the Ammonites and judged Israel six years.Jerahmeel (* May God have compassion)
• A descendant of Judah and father of the clan named after him.Jeremiah
1 Chronicles 2:3-9
• Son of King Jehoakim who was ordered to arrest Baruch and Jeremiah.
• Levite son of Kish (not Saul's father).
1 Chronicles 24:29
A common name among the Israelites. The most famous was the son of Hilkiah and Israelite prophet to Judah for 40 years. Jeremiah prophesied during the reigns of Judah's last five kings: Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jeholakim, Jehoiachin, and Zedekiah. He is famous for being ignored by almost everyone in Judah despite everything he did to get their attention. King Jehoiakim burned a scroll of Jeremiah's prophesies; Zedekiah ordered him put him in prison; several court officials tried to kill him. Jeremiah's story and prophesies are recorded in the book of Jeremiah. The prophets Zephaniah and Habakkuk also lived during this time.Jeremiah, book of
2 Chronicles 36:21-22
Twenty-fourth book of the Old Testament and second of the major prophets. This book tells how God gave Jeremiah words to say, what he said to the people of Judah, and what happened when the people got sick of hearing all the bad news. The book of Jeremiah is famous for ending exactly as God predicted it would. The book of Habakkuk was written during the same time period.Jericho (* Place of fragrance)
First Canaanite city taken by the Israelites during the conquest of Canaan and a famous city in the Bible. Rahab hid the Israelite spies in Jericho. Joshua's army destroyed Jericho's walls with seven days of marching and playing music. The parable of the Good Samaritan is set on the road to Jericho. Jericho was about seven kilometers west of the Jordan River and 16 kilometers north-northwest of the Dead Sea. It lay in the territory allotted to Benjamin.Jeroboam
2 Kings 2:4
Two kings of Israel:Jerusalem (* City of Peace)
• Jeroboam I : Son of Nebat and first king of the northern kingdom of Israel. Solomon put Jeroboam in charge of the labor forces in the northern tribes while Solomon was still king. After Solomon's death, Jeroboam pressed Rehoboam to ease the working conditions, but Rehoboam refused and Jeroboam led a revolution. All Israelite tribes but Benjamin and Judah joined Jeroboam, and the northern kingdom was formed. It all happened as the prophet Ahijah predicted.
Because the temple was in Jerusalem, Jeroboam started a new religion. He built two large shrines and created a new priesthood. Jeroboam's new religion replaced the true worship of God and led all of Israel into idolatry. Not one king of the northern kingdom ever led them back to the Lord.
Jeroboam I reigned 22 years and was succeeded by Nadab.
1 Kings 12:15
2 Chronicles 13:6
• Jeroboam II : Son of Joash and thirteenth king of Israel after his father. The prophet Jonah lived during Jeroboam II's reign; the prophet Amos spoke out against his sins. He reigned 41 years
2 Kings 14:27
Most important city of the Bible and home to the Jewish people. Jerusalem was the city of Salem when Abraham came to Canaan, and Jebus when Joshua's forces reached it during the conquest of Canaan. This is the fortified city that David captured from the Jebusites and made his capital. David, Solomon, and all the kings of Judah ruled from the palace in Jerusalem. It was the site of Solomon's temple and of the temple that Zerubbabel rebuilt Nehemiah rebuilt the city walls after the Exile. Jesus preached, healed, and was crucified in Jerusalem.Jesse (* Wealthy)
Jerusalem is also called the Holy City, the City of David, Zion, and Mount Zion. It is located about 50 kilometers east of the Mediterranean Sea in the hills of Judea.
Father of David and of eight other children: Eliab, Abinadab, Shimea, Nethanel, Raddai, Ozem, Elihu, Zeruiah, and Abigail. Jesse belonged to the tribe of Judah and was from Bethlehem. He was the son of Obed and the grandson of Boaz.Jesus Christ
The most important man in the Bible; Son of God; Messiah; our Savior and Lord. The Old Testament tells of Jesus' coming. The Gospels tell of his birth, life, death, and resurrection. The New Testament explains that Jesus Christ is both God and man. He is one person in the Trinity, one with the Father and Holy Spirit. He existed before the creation of the world and brought it into existence.Jethro (* His Excellence)
Jesus came to earth to take away our sins.
Jesus Christ is the one who fulfilled the prophesies of the Old Testament. Some of them are, Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 53:1-12; Micah 5:2; Zechariah 9:9; and Psalm 22:7-18.
These prophesies predicted who the Messiah would be and what would happen to Him.
The name "Jesus" is the Greek form of the Hebrew Joshua; It means "the LORD saves." "Christ" is the Greek form of the Hebrew Messiah; it means "anointed one."
There are many other names for Jesus in the Bible, including Alpha and Omega, Christ Jesus, Judge, Immanuel, Lamb, Shepherd, Son of David, Son of God, and Son of Man.
Moses' father-in-law, Midianite; also called Reuel; father of Moses' wife Ziporah. Jethro is famous for advising Moses to get help with the leadership of Israel during the Exodus.Jew
Exodus 18 :1, 27
A person from the southern kingdom of Judah or any Israelite who lived during or after the ExileJezebel (* Unmarried)
• Wife of King Ahab and enemy of Elijah. Jezebel was the daughter of the king of Sidon a devoted worshiper of idols, especially Asherah and Baal. She had 450 prophets of Baal 400 prophets of Asherah until losing her battle with Elijah on Mount Carmel.Joab (* Jehovah is Brother)
2 Kings 9:30
• A wicked woman and false teacher named in Jesus' letter to the church in Thyatira in the Book of Revelation.
Commander-in-chief of David's army through most of David's reign. Joab was a brave but reckless warrior. He defeated many of David's enemies but also killed some of David's friends and allies. In the end, Joab joined Adonqah's revolt and was killed for it by Benaiah. Joab was the son of David's half-sister Zeruiah.Joash (* Jehovah is strong)
2 Samuel 12:13
• Son of Ahaziah and eighth king of Judah after Adialiah. Joash is famous for becoming king at the age of seven. He came to power when his uncle Jehoiada conspired with the Levites and the elders of Israel to overthrow Athaliah and restore the kingdom to David's line. Joash was assassinated by his own officials. He reigned 40 years.Job
• Son of Jehoahaz and twelfth king of Israel after his father; also called Jehoash. Joash is noted for visiting Elisha on his death bed. He reigned 16 years.
2Kings 14:1, 13
Wealthy man of God whose story is told in the book of Job. Job lost his children, possessions, and health when God allowed Satan to take them all away. Job became famous for saying, "The LORD gave me everything I had, and the Lord has taken it away. Praise the name of the LORD." (Job 1:21).Job, book of
Eighteenth book of the Old Testament and the first of the books of poetry. The book of Job is a record of Job's suffering and how four of his friends tried to explain it. Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, and Ehhu each tell Job their ideas, but God rejects all of them and reminds them of his vast power and wisdom. In the end, Job's family and wealth are restored.Jochebed (* Jehovah is Glory)
Mother of Moses and Aaron; a Levite and wife of Amram.Joel, book of (* Jehovah is God)
Twenty-ninth book of the Old Testament and second of the minor prophets. The book of Joel is a set of prophecies to the southern kingdom of Judah. They were written by the prophet Joel. It is famous for its mention of locust plagues.John
• Son of Zebedee and brother of James; Jesus' disciple; an apostle. This is the John who wrote the Gospel of John. He was one of Jesus' three closest disciples (along with Peter and James) and an eyewitness to the Transfiguration.John Mark
• Simon Peter's father
• John Mark
• John the Baptist
• A relative of the high priest Annas present at the trial of the apostles Peter and John.
Assistant to Paul and Barnabas during Paul's first missionary journey and author of the Gospel of Mark. Mark's mother's name was Mary, and their home was one of the first meeting places of the early church. After his journey with Paul and Barnabas, John Mark returned to Cyprus to encourage the churches there.John the Baptist
Prophet who prepared the people of Israel for the coming of the Messiah in fulfillment of Isaiah 40:3-5. John's birth to Elizabeth and Zechariah was foretold by the angel Gabriel shortly before the angel appeared to Mary to announce the coming of Jesus. John preached in the wilderness of Judea. He identified Jesus as the Messiah. John was put in prison and beheaded by Herod Antipas.John, First
Twenty-third book of the New Testament, a letter written by the apostle John to Gentile Christians. John wrote this letter to help God's people know they have eternal life. It is famous for an important verse about forgiveness, 1:9.John, Second
Twenty-fourth book of the New Testament, a letter written by the apostle John to the chosen lady. Its theme is truth.John, Third
2 John 1:1-2
Twenty-fifth book of the New Testament, a letter written by the apostle John to Galus. John wrote the letter to commend Galus for his hospitality toward traveling evangelists.John, Gospel of
3 John 1:1-4
Fourth book of the New Testament and fourth of the Gospels. It was written by the apostle John to prove that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God. For this reason, it is often called the Gospel of belief. Most of the details in this Gospel do not appear in the other three. John has some of the most famous verses in Scripture, especially 3:16; 13:14; 14:6; 15:12; and 16:33.Jonah (* Dove)
Israelite prophet to the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of Jeroboam II; son of Amittai. Jonah is famous for refusing to preach in Nineveh, trying to escape to Tarshish, and being brought back to Israel by a fish. His story is told in the book of Jonah.Jonah, book of
Thirty-second book of the Old Testament and fifth of the minor prophets. Unlike all other books of prophecy, the book of Jonah tells only about what happened to the prophet and very little of the prophet's message. It tells the famous story of Jonah's attempt to escape from God's assignment to preach in Nineveh. It was written during the time of Jeroboam II.Jonathan (* Jehovah hath given)
A very common name among the Israelites:Joppa (* Beauty)
1 Samuel 13:16
• Firstborn son of Saul, prince of Israel, and David's loyal friend. Jonathan was a brave and skilled warrior who gained fame for helping his father repel the Philistines. Later; after David's fame in Israel made Saul jealous, Jonathan helped David escape Saul's plots of murder. He was killed at Gilboa with his father.
1 Samuel 19:1
2 Samuel 1:12,17
• Son of Gershom and descendant of Moses who served as private priest for "a man named Micah" during the time of the judges. Though Jonathan was a Levite, Micah's place of worship was an idol shrine, not the valid place of worship in Shiloh. This led to more and more idolatry in Israel.
• Courier to David during Absalom's revolt; son of Abiathar the priest
2 Samuel 15:36
• David's nephew; son of David's brother Shimei (also called Shimea). Jonathan became a hero for killing the six-fingered Philistine from Gath.
2 Samuel 21:21
1 Chronicles 2O:7
• One of David's mighty men.
1 Chronicles 27:23-25
• David's uncle and royal advisor.
1 Chronicles 27:32
• Brother of Johanan and Israelite army officer loyal to Gedaliah; son of Kareah.
Port city on the Mediterranean coast in the territory allotted to Dan; modem Jaffa. The Philistines controlled Joppa during most of Israel's history. The apostle Peter was in Joppa when Cornelius's two servants went there to fetch him.Jordan (* The Descender)
2 Chronicles 2:16
A major river in Palestine and key to many events of the Bible. The Israelites began their conquest of Canaan after crossing the Jordan. Naaman washed in the Jordan. John the Baptist baptized in the Jordan. The river flows north-south from the mountains of south Lebanon to the Dead Sea.Joseph (* May he add)
A very common name among the Israelites:Joshua (* Jehovah is salvation)
• Son of Jacob and Rachel, and father of Ephraim and Manasseh. Joseph is famous for his dreams of being ruler, being sold to merchants by his jealous brothers, and then becoming ruler of Egypt under Pharaoh. Joseph's story is told in Genesis 37:1-50:26.
• Mary's husband and earthly father to Jesus, a descendant of David. Joseph was a righteous and devout man. An angel appeared to him four times, and he followed the angel's instructions each time. The Gospels mention him only in connection with Jesus' birth and boyhood.
• "Joseph called Barsabbas," or Justus, one of the two men, along with Matthias, nominated to replace Judas Iscariot
• "Joseph of Arimathea," member of the Sanhedrin and secret disciple of Jesus. This is the Joseph who donated his tomb for the burial of Jesus.
• Barnabas' real name.
Israelite who commanded the armies of Israel during the conquest of Canaan; son of Nun. Joshua was one of the Hebrews who left Egypt in the Exodus, and one of the twelve spies who explored Canaan from Kadesh Barnea. He was named Hoshea until Moses changed it. He and Caleb were the only ones to enter Canaan from the original group that left Egypt. Joshua wrote most of the book of Joshua.Joshua, book of
Sixth book of the Old Testament and first of the books of history. The book of Joshua records the Israelite conquest of Canaan. It tells the famous stories of Rahab, the attack on Jericho, and the day the sun stood still.Josiah (* Jehovah supports)
Son of Amon and sixteenth king of Judah after his father; grandson of Manasseh. His mother's name was Jedidah. Josiah was one of the best kings Judah ever had. He repaired the broken-down temple, held a national reform when Hilkiah found the lost Book of the Law, and cleared the land of idols and high places. He is also famous for becoming king at the age of eight, only one year older than Joash was when he became king. Josiah's story is told in 2 Kings 21:24-23:3O and 2 Chronicles 33:25-35:26. He reigned 31 years.Jotham (* Jehovah is perfect)
2 Kings 21:24;22:1
2 Chronicles 35:1-10
• Son of Uzziah and eleventh king of Judah after his father. His mother's name was Jerusha. Jotham's story is told in 2 Chronicles 27:1-9. He ruled 16 years.Jubilee
2 Kings 15:32
2 Chronicles 26:21
• Gideon's youngest son and the only one to survive the slaughter of his family by his half-brother Abimelech.
A special custom that the Israelites were supposed to observe every 50 years. The Year of Jubilee was to be a time of Sabbath, or rest, from debt, bondage, and work The people were to forgive all debts, release all slaves, return property to its original owners, and stop planting or harvesting any crops that year. The Year of Jubilee is explained in Leviticus 25:8-55, but the Bible records no examples of it ever being observed.Judah (* Praised)
• Jacob's fourth son and the tribe of Israel named after him. Leah was his mother.Judaism
• The land allotted to the tribe of Judah.
• The southern kingdom of Israel that was formed after the split between Rehoboam and Jeroboam I. The southern kingdom became known as Judah because only Judah and Benjamin stayed loyal to Rehoboam, and Judah was the larger of the two tribes. This kingdom had 19 kings and one queen.
1 Kings 15:9
The religion of the Jews. Judaism is belief in the God of the Old Testament and in the law of Moses as the only rule of life. Judaism does not recognize Jesus as the Messiah.Judas Iscariot (* Judas of Kerioth)
The disciple who betrayed Jesus. Judas was one of the Twelve and keeper of their money box. But his love of money made him steal from Jesus, criticize Mary for her gift of perfume, and take 30 pieces of silver for Jesus' arrest. Judas committed suicide after Jesus' trial. He was replaced by Matthias.Jude
Author of the book of Jude. Jude is short for Judas, but he is not the same as Judas Iscariot. Jude, like his brother James, did not believe that Jesus was the Christ until after his Ascension.Jude, book of
Twenty-sixth book of the New Testament and eighth of the general letters. This letter was written by Jude to all Christians everywhere. It tells us to watch out for false teachers.Judea
The Greek word for Judah used by people of the Roman Empire in New Testament times.judge, judges
2 Corinthians 1:16
A leader of Israel after the time of Joshua and before the time of the kings. Judges were servants of God who led the people and fought against Israel's enemies. Their deeds are recorded in the book of Judges.Judges, book of
• A person who hears disputes and rules on them. Moses acted as judge during the Exodus. The Bible describes God as the only perfect judge.
• To pass judgment; to rule on whether something is right or wrong; to find a person guilty or not guilty.
1 Kings 8:32
• To condemn; to find fault; to find guilty.
Seventh book of the Old Testament and second of the books of history. The book ofjudgment
Judges tells about the nation of Israel during the time when the judges ruled, including Gideon and Samson. This was a dark and violent time because "the people did whatever seemed right in their own eyes" (21:25).
• Punishment for sin. Many books of prophecy use the word judgment in this sense.judgment seat, judgment seat of Christ
• Wisdom; sense; ability to see right from wrong. The Proverbs use the word judgment in this sense.
A reference to the last day, when all people will stand before Christ to be Judged by Him.justification
2 Corinthians 5:1O
The Christian doctrine that God can treat a person as just; that God can find a person not guilty, and therefore accept the person as perfect and sinless, even though he or she is not. This is how a person can be saved or born again. The book of Romans explains that a person's justification comes by faith in Christ.justified
Declared or treated as just, perfect, and sinless. The books of Romans and Galatians explain that people are justified by faith in Christ. A person who places his or her faith in Christ is justified by God. As a result, that person becomes a Christian. God promises that all who are justified by Christ will escape judgment on the last day.Go Home
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