Bible Dictionary
(* = the name meaning)

Habakkuk  (* embrace)

Israelite prophet and author of the book of Habakkuk.
Habakkuk 1:1
Habakkuk 3:1
Habakkuk, book of
(huh-ba-kuhk, buk uhv)
Thirty-fifth book of the Old Testament and eighth of the minor prophets. The book records Habakkuk's frustration with the wicked people of Judah, and what God said to him.
Habakkuk 1:1-4
The New Testament word for Sheol, the place where the wicked go after they die. It is a place of separation from God.
Matthew 16:18
Revelation 1:18
Revelation 20:13-14
Hagar   (* Flight)
An Egyptian maidservant of Sarai. Sarai gave Hagar to Abraham as a concubine after growing impatient for a child. Hagar became the mother of Ishmael.
Genesis 16:14
Genesis 16:15-16
Haggai        (*festal)
A prophet of Israel after the Exile. Haggai helped rebuild the temple during the time of Ezra. He wrote the book of Haggai and prophesied at the same time as Zechariah.
Ezra 5:1
Ezra 6:14
Haggai 1:1
Haggai, book of
(hag-eye, buk uhv)
Thirty-seventh book of the Old Testament and tenth of the minor prophets. The prophet Haggai wrote the book during the time of Ezra to encourage the Jews to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem. It contains the prophecies he delivered to Zerubbabel the governor, and Joshua, the high priest.
Haggai 1:1
"Praise the LORD," a call to praise. The term comes from "Hallelu" (praise) and a short form of Yahweh. The term often appears in the Psalms and in Revelation 19.
Psalm 106:1
Revelation 19:1,3-4, 6
Set apart as holy; held in respect; honored; revered.
Matthew 6:9
Ham     (* black)
One of Noah's three sons.  Ham was with Noah on the ark. He became the father of Canaan and therefore the father of the Canaanites.
Genesis 5:32
Genesis 9:22
1 Chronicles 1:8
The official of Xerxes' court who hated Mordecai and plotted to massacre the Jews while Esther was queen; son of Hammedatha.
Esther 3:1-2,5-6
Esther 8:5
handmaid, handmaiden
(hand-mayd, hand mayd-uhn)
See maidservant
Hannah        (* grace)
One of Elkanah's two wives; mother of Samuel.
1 Samuel 1:1-20
A Jewish festival that celebrates the restoration of the temple; also called the Feast of Dedication and the Feast of Lights.
John 10:22
A prostitute; a woman who gives herself for money or religious ritual. Many Canaanite religions used harlots in their rituals, and this was just one reason God told Israel not to worship the Canaanite gods. Rahab was a harlot.
Isaiah 1:21
Nahum 3:4
A small stringed instrument often used by Levite musicians in Old Testament times.  David was famous for his harp-playing.
1 Samuel 16:16,23
Psalm 33:2
Revelation 5:8
Hazael    (* Hazael)
King of Damascus during the time of Elijah, Elisha, and Jehu. Elijah prophesied that God would use Hazael to purge Israel of idol worship. These prophecies came true. Hazael defeated Israel's kings time after time, especially Jehu, and took a lot of territory from them. Only God's mercy stopped him from completely destroying the northern kingdom.
1Kings 19:15
2Kings 9:14
A person's true feelings, attitudes, and belief; character.
Genesis 6:5
Proverbs 27:19
2 Timothy 2:22
Hebrews 12:3
The center or middle
Jonah 2:3
heaven, heavens
(hev-en, hev-enz)
God's home and the home of all who love him. The angels live in heaven with God. Jesus promised to prepare a place for his people in heaven. Sometimes the word heavens refers to the same place.
Genesis 24:7
Matthew 28:18
Galatians 1:8
The sky and everything beyond it; the stars.
Genesis 1:1
Hagai 1:10
Matthew 26:64
Any descendant of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; an Israelite.
Genesis 14:13
Jonah 1:9
Philippians 3:5
Language of the Hebrew people.
2 Kings 18:26
Revelation 9:11

Hebrews, book of
(hee-brooz, buk uhv)

Nineteenth book of the New Testament and first of the general letters. The book of Hebrews is a letter to the Hebrew Christians of the first century. Some Jewish Christians were thinking about returning to Judaism. Hebrews was written to remind them that Jesus Christ fulfilled the messianic prophesies and had made the final, perfect sacrifice for all sins.
Hebrews 13:24-25
Hebron   (* alliance)
A Canaanite city in the Negev about 30 kilometers south-southwest of Jerusalem; also called Kiriath Arba. Abraham lived in Hebron several different times throughout his life, and he buried Sarah in this area. It was allotted to the tribe of Judah after the conquest of Canaan.
Genesis 23:2
Joshua 10:23
1Chronicles 6:1-2
One of Caleb's grandsons.
1Chronicles 2:42
hell( also sheol, grave)
The final place where the devil, all demons, and all the wicked will suffer for their sins; Gehenna; the lake of fire. Hell is a place of separation from God.
Matthew 5:22
James 3:6
2 Peter 2:4
herbs, bitter
(urbz, bit-ur)
A salad of greens eaten as part of the Passover meal, after the lamb. The Passover today includes lettuce, chicory, eryngo, horseradish, and sow-thistle.
Exodus 12:27
2 Peter 2:1
Plural of heresy:
Strong opinions; views that a person holds stubbornly.
Divisions in the church caused by strong opinion or stubborn will.
Most people think of heresy as wrong beliefs, but in the New Testament the term "heresies" refers to strong belief that a person uses to cause needless conflict and division. The apostle Paul urged believers not to pick fights over their views.
Herod Agrippa I       (* hero like)
(hair-uhd uh-grip-uh the furst)
Roman king of Judea and Samaria during the early events of Acts (A.D. 37-44); also known as "Herod the king." Herod Agrippa I had the apostle James executed and the apostle Peter imprisoned. He was the son of Aristobulus and grandson of Herod the Great. Herod Agrippa I received his title and power from the Roman emperor Caligula. His death is recorded in Acts 12.
Acts 4:2 7
Acts 12:23

Herod Agrippa II
(hair-uhd uh-grip-uh the sek-uhnd)

Son of Herod Agrippa I and Roman king of north territories in Palestine and Syria during the later events of Acts (A.D. 50-100). Herod Agrippa II received his title and power from the Roman emperor Claudius; Nero gave him even more territories. His capital was Caesarea Philippi, which he renamed Neronias to honor Nero. Herod Agrippa II is famous for hearing Paul's defense and saying, "Do you think you can make me a Christian so quickly?"
Acts 25:22-26
Acts 26:27
Herod Antipas
(hair-uhd an-tip-uhss)
"Herod the Tetrarch," king of the regions of Galilee and Perea during the time of Jesus (4 B.C.- A.D. 34). His brother was Philip. Herod Antipas was a son of Herod the Great. He is famous for beheading John the Baptist and for taking part in Jesus' trial. Jesus called him a fox.
Mark 6:16
Luke 3:1
Luke 23:8
Herod the Great
(hair-uhd the grate)
Procurator (governor) of Judea in the time just before the time of Christ (47-4 B.C.); son of Antipater. Julius Caesar first gave Herod his position and power over Judea. Caesar Augustus gave him the title "king of the Jews" in 40 B.C. The Jews protested this, so Herod killed the whole Jewish Hasmonean ruling family. Over time Augustus granted Herod rule over most of Palestine. Herod is famous for rebuilding the temple in Jerusalem, a project he began in 19 B.C.; this is the magnificent temple that Jesus said he could rebuild in three days if it were torn down.
Matthew 2:1
Mark 15:29
Wife of Herod Antipas who had John the Baptist beheaded.
Mark 6:17-22
Hezekiah  (* Jehovah Strengtheneth)
Son of Ahaz and thirteenth king of Judah after his father. Hezekiah is famous for his great faithfulness to God and courage in resisting the Assyrian siege of Jerusalem. He also built the tunnel from the spring Gihon to the pool of Siloam. Hezekiah is mentioned in the prophesies of Isaiah and in the lineage of Joseph, Jesus' earthly father. His story is told in 2 Kings 16:20-20:21; 2 Chronicles 28:27-32:33; and Isaiah 36:1-39:8.
2 Chronicles 32:27
Jeremiah 26:19
Matthew 1:9-10
high place
(hye playss)
A Canaanite shrine, usually set on a hill or pole. The Canaanites worshiped their gods at high places, and this is why God told the Israelites to destroy these shrines. Most kings of Israel built more of them instead of destroying them.
1 Samuel 9:12-13
Isaiah 16:12

high priest
(hye preest)

The highest office of the priesthood in Israel. It was the high priest's duty to represent Israel on the Day of Atonement and to interpret the Urim and Thummim. Only one high priest held office at a time. In New Testament times, the Roman governor appointed the high priest who served as head of the Sanhedrin. Today, Jesus is our high priest.
Leviticus 16:32
Matthew 26:57
Hebrews 7:23-28


King of Tyre during the time of David and Solomon. Hiram greatly admired David and proved to be a strong ally of both Israelite kings. He helped David build his palace, and helped Solomon build the temple.
2 Samuel 5:11
2 Chronicles 8:18


People who traced their roots to Heth. The Hittites lived in the central areas of Canaan during the time of the patriarchs. Abram lived among them at Hebron. Bathsheba's first husband, Uriah, was a Hittite.
Genesis 10:15
2 Samuel 11:3
Nehemiah 9:8


Perfection; purity; complete separation from everything else.
Genesis 2:3
Psalm 1O3:1
Ephesians 1:4


Perfect; pure; separate; given to God's service. Above all else, God is holy. Everything associated with God is holy.
Psalm 29:2
Isaiah 29:23
2 Corinthians 1:12

Holy City
(hoh-lee si-tee)

Another name for Jerusalem.
Psalm 2:6

Holy Spirit
(hoh-lee spihr-it)

Third person of the Trinity. The Bible speaks of God's Holy Spirit as the one who saves us and lives inside us.  Jesus told his disciples he would send the Holy Spirit to guide and teach all Christians.
Psalm 51:11
John 14:26
Romans 15:16
Point at the corners of an altar. The blood of the offering was smeared on these horns.
Exodus 27:2
The horn of a ram.
Exodus 19:13
A wind instrument made from a ram's horn.
Psalm 81:3
A flask or cup made from a ram's horn.
1 Samuel 16:1,13
A symbol of power.
2 Samuel 22:3

hosanna  (* save or pray)

The Greek form of a Hebrew term in Psalm 118:25, "Save us, Lord!" The crowd that welcomed Jesus at Jerusalem on Palm Sunday was quoting the Psalm 118:25-26.
Matthew 21:9
Israelite prophet to the northern kingdom of Israel in its final 30 years; son of Been. Hosea's marriage to Gomer was part of his message. His prophesies are recorded in the book of Hosea. Amos was one of his peers.
Hosea 1:1
Hosea, book of
(hoh-zay-uh, buk uhv)
Twenty-eighth book of the Old Testament and first of the minor prophets. It records the prophesies of Hosea to the northern kingdom of Israel during the reigns of Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekahiah, Pekah, and Hoshea of Jeroboam II. The message was this: God loves you, Israel, and wants you to come back to him. The Israelites had abandoned God for idolatry.
Romans 9:25
One-twelfth of daylight. The counting of hours starts at sunrise. The most common hours mentioned in the Bible are the third, sixth, and ninth hours.
Matthew 8:13
A home or residence. The patriarchs lived in tents; the Israelites of David's time and later, lived in flat-roofed structures. The "house of God" referred to the tabernacle and the temple.
Genesis 19:2
Family; household; a home and the people  who lived there.
Judges 1:22
Family line; dynasty. 'The house of David" was the family line of his descendants.
Adjective: Meek; lowly; small; modest; plain; simple. Its opposite is arrogant; conceited; smug.
Ephesians 4:2
Noun: A person who is meek, lowly, small,  modest, plain, or simple
Psalm 18:27
Verb: To make small, plain, or low; to force down; to reduce; to shame.
2 Chronicles 33:23
The quality of being humble. Its opposite is arrogance; conceit; smugness.
Proverbs 18:12
Philippians 2:3
A sacred song; a song of praise to God.
Psalm 40:3
Matthew 26:30
1 Corinthians 14:26
Acting; pretending; falseness.
Matthew 23:28
Galatians 2:13
1 Peter 2:1
A plant, or several different plants, used in some Israelite ceremonies of Old Testament times. No one knows for sure what this plant was.
Leviticus 14:51
Psalm 51:7
John 19:29
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