Bible Dictionary
(* = the name meaning)

Gabriel (* Man of God)

An angel who appeared to Daniel and to Elizabeth's husband, Zechariah. He and Michael are the only two angels mentioned by name in the Bible.
Daniel 9:21
Luke 1:19
Luke 1:26
Gad   (* fortune)
Jacob's son and the tribe of Israel named after him. Zilpah was his mother.
Genesis 30:11
The land allotted to the tribe of Gad.
Joshua 22:13
A prophet during the reigns of Saul and David. Gad gave David advice, criticism, and instructions several times..
2 Samuel 24:11-14
People of the tribe of Gad.
Numbers 32:1,31
Galatia   (* Lord of the Gauls)
A country in the north of Asia Minor that was settled by the Gauls and later absorbed into the Roman Empire.
Galatians 1:2
A Roman province in Asia Minor that included the country of Galatia plus several other regions, including Isauria, Lyccionia, Paphiagonia, Pisidia, Phrygia, and Pontus.
Acts 16:6
Acts 18:23
1 Peter 1:1
People who lived in Galatia in New Testament times, either the northern country of Galatia or the entire Roman province.
Christians of the church in Galatia. Paul visited this region during his first missionary journey and started several churches there. No one knows for sure whether this included only the northern country of Galatia or the entire Roman province.
Galatians 3:1
Galatians, book of
(guh-lay-shuhnz, buk uhv)
Ninth book of the New Testament, a letter written by the apostle Paul to the churches of Galatia. Paul wrote it to explain freedom in Christ. Some people in the church were saying that Gentiles had to become Jews before they could be forgiven of their sins. Paul wrote that Christians were free of Jewish regulations.
Galatians 1:1
People who lived in Galilee.
John 4:45
Acts 2:7
The general area of north Palestine in New Testament times. Jesus grew up in Galilee, preached there, and healed many people there.
1 Kings 9:11
Matthew 11:1
Acts 10:37
Galilee, Sea of
See Sea of Galilee
Proconsul (governor) of Achaia who freed Paul from the charges brought against him by his Jewish enemies in Corinth during Paul's second missionary journey.
Acts 18:12-17
Gamaliel (* Recompense of God)
Member of the Sanhedrin who persuaded the Council to let the apostles preach about Christ; an early teacher of Paul's.
Acts 5:34
Acts 22:3
Garden of Eden
(gar-den uhv ee-den)
See Eden
City gatekeeper: A person who guarded a city gate. Also called a watchman.
2 Samuel 18:26
Temple gatekeeper: A priest or Levite who guarded the entrance to the temple, collected offerings from worshipers, and generally cared for the temple grounds.
general letters
(jen-ur-uhl let-urz)
New Testament books of Hebrews, James, First Peter, Second Peter; First John, Second John, Third John, and Jude.
Genesis, book of
(jen-uh-sis, buk uhv)
First book of the Old Testament and first of the books of law. Moses wrote this book of beginnings. It tells of God's plan for humankind from Adam to the settling of Jacob's family in Egypt. Genesis is followed by the book of Exodus.
Genesis 1:1
A non-Jew; a person who is not a Jew. Jesus and all his disciples were Jews, and all of their first converts were Jews.  Acts 15, Romans 11 and the book of Galatians talk about how God let gentiles become Christians.
Nehemiah 5:9
Acts 10:28
Romans 10:12
Moses' first son, born in Midian.
Exodus 2:22


Descendants of Levi's son Gershom, Levites who served Israel from David's time to after the Exile. The Gershonites were given charge of two cities of refuge: Kedesh and Golan.
Numbers 3:24-25
2 Chronicles 29:12
Gethsemane (* oil press)
A garden on the Mount of Olives, across from the Kidron Valley, just east of Jerusalem. Judas betrayed Jesus there.
Mark 14:32
Gibbethon     (* height)
A Canaanite city in the territory of Dan. It was one of the cities given to the Kohathites, but the Philistines controlled it for a long time. Several kings of Israel tried to take it. Baasha assassinated Nadab during the siege of Gibbethon.
1 Kings 15:27
1 Kings 16:17
Gibeon    (* Hill City)
A large Canaanite city during the time of Joshua. After Joshua's defeat of Ai, the Gibeonites made a treaty with Israel. Several Canaanite kings south of Gibeon then attacked the city, and Joshua came to Gibeon's aid. It was at this battle that the sun stood still for a day.
Joshua 1O:1-2, 12
Isaiah 28:21
Gideon (* He that cuts down)
Son of Joash the Abiezrite and fifth judge of Israel after Deborah. Gideon became famous for putting out a fleece to test God's message that he would defeat the Midianites. Gideon judged Israel 40 years.
Judges 6:11-22
Gilgal  (* circle of stones)
2 Samuel 19:15
"Gilgal on the plains of Jericho," the site where Joshua launched the conquest of Canaan. It lay just east of the city of Jericho. The name is explained in Joshua 5:9.
Several other places in Palestine that no one has been able to identify with certainty.


The people of the Philistine city of Gath.  Goliath was a Gittite. Because some of David's loyal men were Gittites, David fled to Gath twice while on the run from Saul.
2 Samuel 15:18
To harvest grain or other crops left in the field. God required the Israelites to leave some of their crops in the field unharvested so that the poor could glean and get food. The most famous Bible story about gleaning is the story of Ruth.
Ruth 2:3-8
Job 24:6
The Christian doctrine that in heaven every believer will be like Christ.  Glorification is explained in the book of Romans.
Romans 8:18-19,3O
To praise, honor, or extol. The book of Psalms is devoted to glorifying God with music.
Psalm 34:3
John 8:54
1 Peter 2:12
Honor; greatness; majesty. The word is usually used to describe God.
Exodus: 16:7
Psalm 115:1
John 1:74
God( also Elohim, Jehovah, "I am")
Creator of all and Lord over all; the only one that has always existed and always will; the one true God; the Trinity.  The Bible is the story of God's deeds and efforts to restore a broken friendship with people. The first of the Ten Commandments forbids the making or worshiping of false gods.
Genesis 1:1
2 Kings 21:22
Romans 15:13
god, gods
(god, godz)
Deities of the Canaanites, Egyptians, Assyrians, and other ancient peoples; false, man-made substitutes for God; Idols. The Israelites were supposed to destroy the Canaanites partly because of Canaanite idolatry. Instead, many Israelites themselves became worshipers of Asherab, Bacil, Molech, and other such gods. The First Commandment forbids the making or worshiping of false gods.
Genesis 31:19
Exodus 23:24
1 Corinthians 8:5-6
A term used to describe Scripture. It means that God directed or guided the writers of Scripture to write what he wanted to say.
2 Timony 3:16
Another term for devout.
Ecclesiastes 8:12
Acts 13:26
Acts 17:17
godhead, the
An older word for Deity.
Colassians 2:9
Adjective: Wicked; against or opposed to God; hostile to God.
Job 8:13
1 Timothy 4:7
2 Timothy 2:16
Noun: People who are wicked, against God, or hostile to God.
Isaiah 33:14
Proverbs 11:9
Respect for God; fear of the Lord; holiness; piety; sincere devotion to God.
1 Timothy 4:8
1 Timothy 6:3-6
2 Timothy 1:6-7
Adjective: Devoted to God; holy; pious; devout.
2 Corinthians 7:10-11
2 Timothy 3:12
Noun: People who are devoted to God, holy, pious, devout.
Psalm 4:3
Micah 7:2
Gog and Magog
(gog and may-gog)
The armies that Satan will use against God, and which God will defeat once and for all, at the end of time.
Revelation 20:8
A city in the country of Bashan east of the Sea of Galilee, in the territory allotted to Manasseh. It was one of the six cities of refuge, administered by the Gershonites.
Deuteronomy 4:41-43
Joshua 21:27
1 Chronicles 6:71
Gollgotha(* skull)
(gohl-guh-thuh or gohl-gah-thuh)
"Place of the skull," the place where Jesus and two criminals were crucified. It was in Jerusalem, probably just outside the city walls.
Mark 15:22
John 19:17
Goliath  (* exile)
Philistine warrior of Gath who challenged the armies of Israel to a one-man duel. The famous story of Goliath's defeat by David is told in 1 Samuel 17.
1 Samuel 17:4
2 Samuel 21:19
Gomer     (*perfect)
One of the sons of Japheth, and therefore Noah's grandson; father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
Genesis 10:2
Wife of the prophet Hosea; daughter of Diblaim.
Hosea 1:3,6
Gomorrah (* submersion)
One of the five cities of the plain, often mentioned with Sodom. It was destroyed at the time as Sodom and for the same reason.
Genesis 14:8
2 Peter 2:6
Jude 1:7
"Good news". The Gospels tell of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection.
Mark 1:1
Acts 20:24
Galatians 2:5
The first four books of the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John. They are called Gospels because they tell the good news about Jesus.
Mark 1:1
Favor; kindness. The Bible often uses this word to describe God's love for people.
Proverbs 3:34
Isaiah 26:10
John 1:14
The special favor of God by which people are saved from their sins; God's free gift of salvation; God's forgiveness, mercy. "God saved you by his special favor" (Ephesians 2:8).
Romans 3:24
2 Corinthians 6:1
Great Commission, the
(grat kuh-mish-uhn, the)
A term used to describe Jesus' command to tell others about him and teach them to follow him. The most famous example is in Matthew 28:19-20.
Matthew 28:19-20
Luke 10:1-4
People of the land of Greece.
Ezekiel 27:19
Joel 3:6
Romans 1:14
Gentiles. The New Testament sometimes refers to all gentiles as Greeks.
Acts 21:28
1Corinthians 1:23
1Corinthians 12:13

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