Bible Dictionary
(* = the name meaning)

East Gate
(eest gate)

One of the gates in the walls of Jerusalem. The east wall of the city doubled as the east wall of the temple, so the East Gate was also part of the temple. Nehemiah's repair of the city walls involved the restoration of this gate.
1 Chronicles 26:14
Nehemiah 3:29
Ezekiel 40:10
east wind
(eest wind)
A very strong wind of hot and dry air that stirs up dust and debris from the desert. It is very destructive.
Genesis 41:6
Psalm 48:7
Jonah 4:8
East, the
(eest, the)
A term generally referring to the land east of the land of Canaan, especially Mesopotamia and the lands beyond.
Genesis 2:8
Joshua 11:3
Matthew 24:27
Ebal  (* stone)
  The larger of two mountains that overshadow the city of Shechem. Mount Gerizim is the other. Moses told the Israelites to place a copy of the Ten Commandments on Mount Ebal.
Deuteronomy 11:29
Joshua 8:30
Alternate spelling for Obal, a son of Joktan whose descendants settled in Arabia.
Genesis 36:10-29
One of Esau's descendants.
Genesis 36:19,23
Ebenezer (* stone of help)
A place east of Aphek in the territory of Ephraim; the site where the Philistines defeated the Israelites and captured the Ark of the Covenant during the time of Eli.
1 Samuel 4:1
1 Samuel 5:1
A stone that Samuel set up at Ebenezer (the place) to commemorate the victory of the Israelites over the Philistines at the same site as their earlier defeat.
1 Samuel 7:12
Ecclesiastes, book of
(e-klee-zee-as-teez, buk uhv)
Twenty-first book of the Old Testament and fourth of the books of poetry.  Ecclesiastes is a collection of wise sayings and proverbs written by Solomon. "Ecclesiastes" means "a member of the assembly." The author calls himself "the Teacher."
Ecclesiastes 1:1
Eden   (* pleasure)
The land where God placed Adam and Eve. It was "in the east," and a river flowed through it that was connected in some way to four other rivers: Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, Euphrates. Its exact location is unknown.
Genesis 2:15
Genesis 3:23-24
Help given to another person that keeps adding more and more to that person's ability; the building up of another person.
Romans 14:19


To build up; to help another person improve or get better at something.
1Corinthians 14:4,16-17
Edom    (* red)
  A nickname for Esau.
Genesis 25:30
The area south of the Dead Sea where the descendants of Esau (Edomites) lived, bounded on the west side by the western Arabah and on north by the wadi Zered. Moab lay to the north, Midian to the south. The king's highway passed through the eastern side of Edom.
Genesis 36:8
Genesis 32:3
People of Edom; descendants of Esau.
Genesis 36:9,43
Egypt  (* land of the copts)
The nation and kingdom at the northeastern corner of Africa. Israel's entire history involves Egypt.  Abram visited Egypt before settling in Canaan. Jacob's whole family settled there and grew to become the Hebrew nation. God called Moses to lead the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt. Several Israelite kings tried to ally themselves with Egypt before the Exile. An angel told Mary and Joseph to hide there to keep the baby Jesus safe. And people from Egypt were present at Pentecost. Even some of the messianic prophesies mention Egypt.
Genesis 12:10-11
Matthew 2:13-14
Acts 7:9-17
Egypt, plagues of
See plagues of Egypt
People of Egypt.
Genesis 12:11-14
Son of Gera and second judge of Israel after Othniel. He is famous for the left-handers of Benjamin by assassinating the king of Moab when the Moabites were oppressing the Israelites. He judged Israel 80 years.
Judges 3:15-23
Judges 4:1
El Shaddai
(el shuh-dye)
"God Almighty," a name for God.
Genesis 28:3
Psalm 91:9
Elah  (* union)
Site of the Israelite camp during the battle of David and Goliath. Elah is a valley near
Jerusalem in the territory of Judah.
1Samuel 17:19
1 Samuel 21:9
Elam  (* highlands)
A large plain in southern Mesopotamia and east of the Tigris River, known today as the plain of Khuzistan in Iran, and the people who lived there. This is where Susa was located during the time of Esther. Isaiah predicted that this nation would conquer Babylon and then later be conquered itself.
Isaiah 11:11
Daniel 8:2
People of Elam.
A word for leaders:
Ezra 4:9
Acts 2:9
Elders of Israel: In Old Testament times, every city, town, and village had elders who held authority over all civil affairs. Another group of elders held authority over all Israel; these are the ones who asked Samuel for a king. They continued to have influence even when Israel had kings. In New Testament times, they shared power with the priests of the Sanhedrin.
Exodus 3:16
Acts 4:23
Elders of the church: The New Testament mentions elders who held authority over local congregations. These elders were the church's leaders.
James 5:l4
Another word for chosen.
Matthew 24:22
2 Timothy 2:10
eleventh hour
(e-lev-uhnth our)
The last twelfth of the day before sundown.
Matthew 20:6, 9
High priest of Israel who reared Samuel in the tabernacle at Shiloh when the Lord
called Samuel to prophesy. Eli's sons Hophni and Phinehas became famous for their disrespect toward their priestly duties. Eli's story is told in 1Samuel 1:1-4:22.
1 Samuel l:3,9
1 Kings 2:27
Eliashib  (* God hath restored)
High priest of Israel during the time of Nehemiah. He helped rebuild the Sheep Gate.
Nehemiah 3:1
A member of the royal family of David who lived sometime after the Exile.
1 Chronicles 3:24
  One of the family leaders among the priests during the time of David.
1 Chronicles 24:6,12
Eliezer  (* God is help)
A common name among the Israelites:
Genesis 15:2
Abraham's chief servant, a man from Damascus. Abraham complained to God that Eliezer would inherit his estate before Ishmael or Isaac were born.
Moses' second son.
Exodus 18:2-4
One of Benjamin's grandsons.
1 Chronicles 7:6-8
One of the priests who played a trumpet when the Ark of the Covenant was brought into Jerusalem from Kirlath Jearim.
1 Chronicles 15:24
Elijah        (* my God is Jehovah)
A prophet to the northern kingdom of Israel during the reigns of Ahab, Ahazlah, and Joram. He became famous for his defeat of 400 prophets of Baal at Mount Carmel. Elijah was from Tishbe. His story is told in 1 Kings l7:1-2 Kings 2:11.
1 Chronicles 27:16
1 Kings 17:1
2 Chronicles 21:12
James 5:17
Elimelech  (* God is King)
Naomi's husband, a wealthy man from the tribe of Judah. He moved his family from Bethlehem to Moab to escape a famine.
Ruth 1:1-3
Elisha      (* God hath salvation)
A friend of Elijah and a prophet to the southern kingdom of Judah, the northern kingdom of Israel, Moab, and Aram. He prophesied during the reigns of Jehu and Jehoahaz in Israel; and Jehoram, Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Joash in Judah. Elisha is well known for his many miracles, including the healing of Namaan and raising a woman's son to life. He ministered for over 50 years. Elisha's story is told in 1 Kings 19:16 - 2Kings 13:20.
1 Kings 19:16
2 Kings 8:1-5
Luke 4:27


 Wife of Zechariah the priest, mother of John the Baptist, and a relative of Jesus' mother Mary.
Luke 15-7, 13, 39-42
Elymas   (* a wise man)
"Sorcerer," the nickname given to a Jewish false prophet who served as counsel to Sergius Paulus at Paphos during Paul's first missionary journey. His real name was Bar-Jesus.  The man was struck blind when he tried to stop Paul from persuading the people to believe in Christ.
Acts 13:8-9
The village where the resurrected Jesus revealed his identity to two disciples after talking with them on the road. It lay about 11 kilometers from Jerusalem, but no one knows exactly where it was.
Luke 24:13
Title of the supreme Roman ruler. Caesar Augustus was emperor during the time of Jesus' birth.
Acts  25:25
Endor  (* fountains of Dor)
A Canaanite town on the north slope of the hill Moreh (Shunem was on the south slope). Saul made Endor famous by hiring a witch from there. It lay in the territory allotted to Manasseh, but the Israelites never got control of it.
1 Samuel 28:7
Psalm 83:10
Enoch  (* dedicated)
Son of Jared and father of Methuselah who had a close relationship with God; one of the only people in the Bible who was taken from this earth directly by God. He is mentioned in Hebrews 11 as an example of faith.
Genesis  5:18-20
Hebrews 11:5
Son of Cain.
Genesis 4:17-18
Ephesians, book of
(e-fee-zhuhnz, buk uhv)
Tenth book of the New Testament, a letter to the church at Ephesus. The apostle Paul wrote the letter to encourage and teach the Christians there.
Ephesians 1:1
A major city in the Roman province of Asia on the southwestern coast of the Aegean Sea (in modern Turkey). Paul visited Ephesus on his second and third missionary journeys, once staying for three years. He was nearly killed in a riot started by Demetrius for upsetting the local business of Artemis statue making. The church that Paul started there became strong and lasted a long time.
Acts 19:35
1 Corinthians 16:8
1Timothy 1:3
An item of clothing much like a tunic worn by the high priest when performing his duties. It was an elaborate piece decorated with gold and other expensive materials. Exodus 28:4-40 and 39:2-30 describe it in detail. Priests wore more ordinary ephods during the time of the judges and the kings.
Exodus 39:4-7
Judges 8:27
Hosea 3:4
Joseph's second son and the tribe of Israel named after him. Asenath was his mother.
Genesis 46:20
Another word for the nation of Israel.
Hosea 7:11
The land allotted to the tribe of Ephraim.
 Joshua 20:7
Another word for letter.
Colossians 4:16
2 Thessalonians 3:14
Er (* watchful)
One of two sons of Judah who died for their wickedness (the other was Onan).
Genesis 38:6-7
Esau  (* hairy)
Son of Isaac and fraternal twin brother of Jacob. Esau is famous for trading his birthright for a meal of stew, then being tricked out of his father's blessing by Jacob. Esau became the ancestor of the Edomite tribe and all its clans.
Genesis 25:25-30
Malachi 1:2
Hebrews 12:16
Esther (* a star)
A Jewish woman born in captivity in Babylonia among the exiles of Judah. This
was more than 50 years after Zerubabbel led the first group of exiles back to Israel. By Esther's time, Babylonia was ruled by the Persians, and it was the Persian king Xerxes who chose her to replace Vashti as queen. She became famous for her heroic effort to save the Jewish people from extinction at the hands of Haman. Mordecai was her cousin. Esther was also known as Hadassah. Her story is told in the book of Esther
Esther 2:7-8
Esther 5:3-6
Esther 9:29
Esther, book of
(es-tur, buk uhv)
Seventeenth book of the Old Testament. It tells the story of the Jewish woman who became queen in Persia, only to find her and all her people in danger. It is one of the only books of the Bible that never mentions God's name. No one knows who wrote it.
Esther 2:16-17
Never ending; timeless; something that goes on forever; something that never ends.
1Kings 10:9
John 5:24
1Timothy 1:16-17
eternal life
(ee-tur-nuhl life)
Life forever in heaven with God. Jesus Christ came into the world so that people could have eternal life.
John 3:16-17
All of space and time and everything before and after it.
Psalms 93:2
Proverbs 8:23
Ecclesiastes 3:11
The land settled by the descendants of Cush, the son of Ham; Nubia, south of Egypt
Genesis 2:13
 A person from Ethiopia.
Eunice (* good victory)
Jewish mother of Paul's friend Timothy. Eunice was praised for her faith and diligent instruction of Timothy from a young age. Her husband was a Gentile.
2 Timothy 1:5
A man who has been castrated. Most eunuchs were trusted court officials in the service to the king or the royal family.
Esther 2:14
Acts 8:27
A major river that flows through Mesopotamia and empties into the Persian Gulf. It is the largest river in southwestern Asia, with its sources in the mountains of Armenia. Major biblical cities along the Euphrates include Carchemish, Babylon, and Ur.
Genesis 2:14
Jeremiah 46:6
Revelation 16:12
Young man who fell out of the window and died while listening to Paul teach late into the night. Eutychus was brought back to life by Paul.
Acts 2O:9
A person who tries to persuade others to believe in Christ. Paul, Epaphras, Barnabas, and many others mentioned in the book of Acts were evangelists
Acts 21:8
2 Timothy 4:5
Eve    (* mother of all living)
The woman created by God from one of Adam's ribs.
Genesis 3:20; 4:1
2 Corinthians 11:3
1 Timothy 2:13
See Eternal
Genesis 9:16
Psalm 119:142
John 6:47
evil spirit
(ee-vuhl spihr-it)
A demon.
Matthew 12:43
Acts 19:15-16


Noun: A person forced to live in a foreign land; the state of being forced to live in a foreign land. The Israelites were exiles in Babylonia for over 70 years.
2 Samuel 15:19
Matthew 1:17
Verb: To send away from home permanently.
Isaiah 27:13
Isaiah 49:21
Exile, the
(ek-sile, the)
A period of 70 years that the people of the southern kingdom (Judah) spent as captives in Babylonia. The first captives were taken when Nebuchadnezzar's armies captured Jerusalem. More were taken later. The prophet Jeremiah warned of this, but the people did not listen. Ezekiel preached to the exiles while in Babylonia. Daniel, Esther; Mordecai, and other Jews served the Babylonian kings during and after this time.
1Chronicles 5:22
Matthew 7:17
Exodus    (* going out of)
The event described in the books of Exodus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy; the journey of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt to the east side of the Jordan River under Moses' leadership.
Hebrews 11:22
Exodus, book of
(ek-suh-duhss, buk uhv)
Second book of the Old Testament. Moses wrote it to describe the journey of the people of Israel out of slavery in Egypt.
Exodus 1:7-10
Ezekiel   (* God is strong)
Prophet to the people of Israel in Babylonia during the Exile. Ezekiel was taken captive at the same time as Jeholachin. He lived by the Kebar River and was called to prophesy five years later. Ezekiel's work and prophecies are recorded in the book of Ezekiel.
Ezekiel 24:24
Ezekiel, book of
(ee-zee-kee-uhl, buk uhv)
Twenty-sixth book of the Old Testament and third of the major prophets. The prophet Ezekiel wrote this book during his exile in Babylonia. It tells about how God gave him the job of prophesying, the visions God gave him, and the messages God told him to give to Israel and other nations. The book is famous for Ezekiel's visions of heaven.
Ezekiel 1:3
Ezra  (* help)
A Jewish scribe who lived during the time of the Exile. Ezra led a group of Jewish exiles back to Judah about ten years after the return led by Zerubabbel. Ezra lived in Jerusalem at the same time as Nehemiah; they worked together to bring about Ezra's reform.
Ezra 7:10
Nehemiah 12:36
Ezra, book of
(ez-ruh, buk uhv)
Fifteenth book of the Old Testament. It records the history of Israel as the Exile came to an end.  The book is famous for describing the reforms that Ezra started among the people who returned to the land of Israel. The books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther all deal with this period of time.
Ezra 7:1-6
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