Bible Dictionary
D

(* = the name meaning)

Damascus
(duh-mas-kuhss)

A major city in Aram throughout all of biblical history. Abram's servant Eliezer was from Damascus. Hazael of Syria was a bitter enemy of Jehu. Saul of Tarsus (the apostle Paul) was converted while on his way to Damascus.
Today the city is capital of Syria. It lies about 100 kilometers east of the Mediterranean coast, opposite Sidon.
Genesis 14:15
2 Chronicles 28:23
Acts 9:2-8
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Dan  (* a judge)
(dan)
Jacob's son and the tribe of Israel named after him. Bilhah was his mother.
Genesis 35:25
The land Joshua allotted to the tribe of Dan.
Joshua 19:47-48
  One of the northernmost cities in the tribal territory of Dan. During the time of the
judges this was also the northern boundary of Israel ("all the Israelites, from Dan to
Beersheba," Judges 20:1).
Genesis 14:14
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Daniel      (* God is my judge)
(dan-yuhl)

David's second son, born to Abigail.
1 Chronicles 3:1
One of the family leaders who returned to Israel with Ezra and backed Ezra's reform.
Ezra 8:2
A member of the royal family of Judah taken captive to Babylon by the army of King Nebuchadnezzar during the reign of Jehoiakim. This is the Daniel who served four kings of Babylonia and wrote the book of Daniel. He is famous for surviving a night in a den of lions.
Daniel 1:6-11
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Daniel, book of
(dan-yuhl, buk uhv)
Twenty-seventh book of the Old Testament. It was written by a Jewish nobleman taken captive during the reign of Jehoiakim.
Daniel 1:19-21
Ezekiel 28:3
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Danites
(dan-ites)
People who trace their roots to Dan, fifth son of Jacob; people of the tribe of Dan.
Joshua 19:47
Judges 18:22-23
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Darius    (* Lord)
(dair-ee-uhss)
  "Darius the Mede," king in Babylonia who took power after the death of Belshazzar; possibly another name for Cyrus II.
Daniel 5:31
Daniel 11:1
Darius I, king in Babylonia during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah. He was the king who allowed Ezra to lead a large group of Jews back to Israel. The prophets Haggai and Zechariah mention him in their books. He ruled from 521 to 486 B.C.
Haggai 1:1,15
Zechariah 1:1, 7
Darius II, or Nothus, king in Babylonia from 423 to 404 B.C. He is called "Darius the Persian" by Nehemiah. He reigned shortly after the time of Malachi.
Ezra 6:12-13
Nehemiah 12:22
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Daughter of
(daw-tur uhv)
An emotional term for "people of." Many of the major prophets and minor prophets use this term in their prophecies to Judah and their enemies. "Daughter of Zion" means something like, "beloved people of Judah"; "Daughter of Edom" means something like, "poor people of Edom."
Isaiah 62:11
Lamentations 4:22
John 12:15
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David's mighty men
(day-vidz mye-tee men)
See mighty men, David's
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David    (* well beloved)
(day-vid)
Son of Jesse and second king of Israel after Saul. He was from the tribe of Judah and the youngest of seven brothers.
David is the most famous king of Israel and one of the most important people in the Bible. His defeat of Goliath is a model of faith. He followed God's will at every step of his rise to power. He wrote psalms, ruled with justice, and fought bravely. His life was such a big part of God's plan that his name appears over 1,000 times in the Bible. God chose David to be king over Israel, but he also promised that David's kingdom would never end. One of David's descendants would one day be born in Bethlehem, grow up to be king, and reign forever. This would be the "anointed one," the Messiah. This is why the New Testament often calls Jesus "son of David."
The story of David is told in First Samuel and Second Samuel.
1 Samuel 16:13, 19:23
1Samuel 17:22-5O
Matthew 21:9, 15
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day's journey
(dayz jur-nee)
See day's walk
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day's walk
(dayz wok)
The amount of distance a normal person could walk in one day, probably about 40 kilometers.
Acts 1:12
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Day of Atonement
(day uhv uh-tohn-ment)

The tenth day of the seventh month of every year. The Hebrew name is Yom Kippur. On this day, all the people would hold a fast.  The high priest would enter the Holy of Holies and offer a sacrifice to make atonement for the nation's sin. This most holy day and its rituals were a reminder that no single sacrifice was enough to pay for their sin. The rules for the Day of Atonement are in Leviticus 16:1-34.
Leviticus 23:27
Leviticus 25:9
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day of His coming
(day uhv hiz kuhm-ing)
A reference to the return of Christ, a time still in the future when Jesus Christ will come back, defeat all his enemies, Judge the earth, and set up his kingdom. No one knows when this day will come.
Malachi 3:1-4
1Thessalonians 4:16
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day of judgment
(day uhv juhj-ment)
Another term for the last day; the final day of the Lord.
Matthew 12:36
2 Peter 3:7
1John 4:17
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day of Pentecost
See Pentecost
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day of the Lord
(day uhv the lord)
A term for any judgment that God brings on the wicked.
Isaiah 13:6-9
Joel 3:14
A reference to the last day
1 Thessalonians 5:2
2 Peter 3:10
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deacon
(dee-kuhn)
A Greek word that generally means servant, aid, or helper. The word is used in the New Testament to refer to Christians who did important jobs of service or ministry.
Philippians 1:1
1 Timothy 3:8, 12
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Dead Sea
(ded see)
The salty body of water in the great rift valley of Palestine. Its main source is the Jordan River. David camped in the nearby caves of En-gedi while hiding from Saul. The Dead Sea lies at the lowest point on earth.
Genesis 14:3
Joshua 18:19
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death
(deth)
Physical death: The end of life; permanent stopping of all vital functions.
2 Corinthians 4:11
The "second death": Eternal punishment for sin; eternal separation from God; going to hell; the lake of fire.
Revelation 20:6
The name of the rider of the fourth (pale) horse of four horsemen of the Apocalypse.
Revelation 6:8
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Deborah
(deb-uh-ruh)
Wife of Lappidoth and fourth judge of Israel after Shamgar. She is famous for enlisting Barak to command the armies of Israel against Sisera. She judged Israel 40 years.
Judges 4:4, 14
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debtor
(det-ur)
A person who owes something to someone else; someone who has a debt.
Matthew 6:11-12
Matthew 18:25-32
Romans 13:8
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dedicate
(ded-uh-kate)
To set aside an object for God's service. The priests dedicated the altar and many of the gold and silver furnishings of the temple before using them in worship.
Leviticus 27:26
Proverbs 20:25
Ezekiel 43:26
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defile
(di-file)
To make unfit for God's use; to make unclean.
Leviticus 18:30
Daniel 1:8
Hebrews 12:14-15
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Deity, the
(dee-i-tee, the)
All of God's nature; all that God is.
Colossians 2:9
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Delilah      (*  languishing)
(duh-lye-luh)
The woman who betrayed Samson to the Philistines. The Philistines paid her 1,100 pieces of silver to find his weakness. Samson fell in love with her and told her what she wanted to know.
Judges 16:6, 18
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Demetrius (* belonging)
(duh-mee-tree-uhss)
A Christian man praised in 3 John for his excellent reputation.
3 John 1:12
A silversmith who made and sold shrines of Artemis during the time of Paul. He started a riot in Ephesus when Paul told people not to worship idols.
Acts 19:24
Acts 19:38
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demon
(dee-muhn)
An evil spirit. Demons live in Hades, hate God, and serve the devil. They will be thrown into the lake of fire on the day of judgment.
Matthew 9:32-33
1 Timothy 4:1
James 2:19
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demon-possessed
(dee-muhn puh-zest)
Controlled by a demon. Jesus freed several people from demon-possession. This led his enemies to accuse him of being the prince of demons. But as Paul explained in Romans 8:38-39, God has infinite power over all forces. God wants us to be possessed and controlled by the Holy Spirit. Demon-possession is not the same as illness.
Matthew 8:28-33
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denarii
(duh-nair-ee-eye)
Plural form of denarius.
Matthew 18:28
Luke 7:41
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denarius
(duh-nair-ee-uhss)
A silver coin minted by the Roman empire in New Testament times and often used to pay one day's wages. It was equal to one twenty-fifth of the gold aureus.
Matthew 20:2
Matthew 22:19
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depraved
(de-praved)
Corrupt; sinful; prone to do wrong.
Ezekiel 23:11
Romans 1:28
Philippians 2:15
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depravity
(de-prav-i-tee)
The state of being depraved.
Romans 1:29
2 Peter 2:19
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desecrate
(des-uh-krate)
To violate or misuse something that is holy
Leviticus 2l:11-12
Ezekiel 7:22
Acts 24:5-8
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desert
(dez-urt)
A dry and barren area, also called wilderness. The Bible mentions many places in the desert and many desert regions. Mount Sinai, the Dead Sea, and Beersheba are all in wilderness areas. The Negev is one of Israel's most famous desert areas.
Exodus 3:1
Numbers 14:2
Luke 3:4;4:1
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Desert of Paran
(dez-urt uhv pair-uhn)
An area of wilderness between Mount Sinai and the Desert of Zin in the Sinai peninsula. Abraham and Hagar's son Ishmael lived in the Desert of Paran for a while. The Israelites passed through this desert on their way to the promised land during the Exodus.
Genesis 21:2O
Numbers 13:26
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Desert of Shur
(dez-urt uhv shoor)
An area of wilderness on the northwest edge of the Sinai peninsula and right outside of Egypt. The Israelites wandered around in this desert region right after leaving Egypt during the Exodus. This is where they first complained of having no water.
Exodus  15:22-24
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Desert of Sin
(dez-urt uhv sin)
An area of wilderness between the Red Sea of Egypt (the Sea of Reeds) and the Desert of Sinai in the Sinai peninsula. The Israelites passed through this desert on their way to Sinai during the Exodus. It is not the same as Zin or the Desert of Zin.
Exodus 16:1
Exodus 17:1
Numbers 33:11-12
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Desert of Sinai
(dez-urt uhv sye-nye)
The area of wilderness around Mount Sinai in the south of the Sinai peninsula.
Exodus 19:1
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Deuteronomy, book of
(dyoo-tuh-ron-uh-mee, buk uhv)
Fifth book of the Old Testament and fifth of the books of law. The word deuteronomy means "second law"; the book got this name because it is a copy of the Law given to Moses (see 17:18).  It tells about what God did for Israel and reviewed the terms of the covenant between the people and God. The book was written by Moses.
Deuteronomy 1:1
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devil, the
(de-vuhl, the)
Another word for Satan.
Matthew 4:1-3
John 3:8
Revelation 12:9
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devout
(di-vout)
Careful to obey all of God's commands and sincere in wanting to; true to God; respectful of God and his ways.
1 Kings 18:3
Luke 2:25
Acts 22:12
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diadem
(dye-uh-dem)
A crown; chief symbol of royalty.
Leviticus 8:9
Isaiah 62:3
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Dinah (* judged or acquitted)
(dye-nuh)
Jacob and Leah's only daughter.
Genesis 30:21
Genesis 46:15
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disciple
(duh-sye-puhl)
A person who follows another; a student of a teacher; a learner: Jesus had many disciples. The most famous were The Twelve whom he called to be with him. Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus were secret disciples.
Matthew 10:42
Luke 9:18
Acts 14:20
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diviner
(duh-vye-nur)
A person who tries to determine the future or influence events through use of magic, soothsaying, or other occult means.
1 Samuel 6:2
Zechariah 10:2
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doctrine
(dok-truhn)
A set of beliefs or teachings.
1 Timothy 4:16
Titus 2:1
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Dorcas  (* gazelle)
(dor-kuhss)
A Christian in the early church known for her acts of good will toward others.
Acts 9:36-39
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dove
(duhv)
A medium-sized, plump bird closely related to the pigeon, one of the kinds of animals the Israelites were allowed to sacrifice for sin. Doves were lighter in color than pigeons. Doves and pigeons were chosen by those who could not afford bulls, sheep, or goats.  People who could not afford a dove or pigeon were allowed to sacrifice a tenth of an ephah of fine flour instead.
Genesis 8:8-12; 15:9
Psalm 55:6
Mark 1:9-11
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drachma
(drok-muh)
A coin of gold minted by the Persians during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah.
Ezra 2:69
A silver coin equal to about one denarius. Though it was a Greek coin, it still circulated in Roman provinces during New Testament times.
Matthew 17:24, 27
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dragon
(dra-guhn)
Another term for Satan.
Revelation 12.9
Revelation 20:2
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drink offering
(dringk awf-ur-ing)

An offering of liquid such as wine or oil.
Genesis 35:14
Philippians 2:17
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dwelling place, the Lord's
(the lordz dwel-ing playss)
Another name for God's home; heaven; God's presence
Leviticus 15:31
Psalm 33:14
Revelation 13:6
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