Bible Dictionary
B
(* = the name meaning)

Baal   (* owner or Lord)
(bay-uhl)

The main god of many Canaanite peoples. Worship of Baal was a constant temptation for the Israelites. Many of Israel's kings encouraged or allowed Baal worship in place of worship of the true God.
Judges 6:25
1 Kings 18:25-26
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Baal Peor
(bay-uhl pay-or)
A time when the Israelites of the Exodus joined the people of Moab in worshiping the Baal of Peor. Their rebellion involved so much sin that 24,000 Israelites died in a plague.
Numbers 25:1-9
Psalm 106:28
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Babel (* confusion)
(ba-buhl)
The great city of Genesis 11 where the tower of Babel was built, and once capital of Babylonia. It was at the tower of Babel that God caused new languages to form as a punishment for human pride. Babel later became known Babylon.
Genesis 11:4-9
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Babylon
(bab-uh-lawn)
The capital of Babylonia. Babylon was founded by Nimrod and located on the Euphrates River.
Genesis 10:10
Daniel 1:1
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Babylonia
(bab-uh-loh-nee-uh)
The empire of southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq).  The Israelites spent 70 years as prisoners Babylonia during the time of Daniel. It was ruled at different times by the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Persians, the Greeks, and the Romans.
Isaiah 11:11
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Babylonians
(bab-uh-loh-nee-uhnz)
The people of Babylonia.
Jeremiah 24:4-5
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Balaam
(bay-luhm)
An Israelite who did magic and claimed to be able to bless and curse people. The king of Moab hired Balaam to curse the people of Israel during the Exodus, but God stopped him with his donkey. He later advised the Israelites to worship Baal, and for this he was punished.
Numbers 22:25-27
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Balak
(bay-luhk)
The king of Moab who hired Balaam to curse the Israelites during the Exodus.
Numbers 22:16
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baptism
(bap-tiz-uhm)
A special ceremony in which a pastor or other spiritual leader uses water to show that a person belongs to God. John the Baptist baptized Jesus in the Jordan River. Churches today often sprinkle or dip a person in water at the church.
Matthew 21:25
Romans 6:4
Ephesians 4-5
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baptist
(bap-tist)
A person who baptizes.
Matthew 3:1, 5-6
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baptize
(bap-tize)
To use water in a special ceremony to show that a person belongs to God. John the Baptist baptized people in the Jordan River.
Luke 3-16
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Barabbas  (* son of Abba)
(buh-rab-uhss)
A Jewish man found guilty of murder and rebellion against Rome during the time of Jesus. Barabbas and Jesus were both prisoners at the same time. When Pontius Pilate found Jesus innocent, the crowd asked Pilate to release Barabbas instead of Jesus.
Matthew 27:16-17
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Barak  (* lightning)
(bair-uhk)
Commander of the Israelite forces that defeated the Canaanites under Sisera.
Deborah had received a prophecy ordering Barak to act.
Judges 4:6
Judges 5:1
Hebrews 11:32
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barley
(bar-lee)
A grain fed to horses, cows, and donkeys, and also used to make bread.
People did not like barley bread as much as bread made from wheat, so it was considered a poor person's food.
Ruth 1:22
Hosea 3:2
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Barnabas    (* son of encouragement)
(bar-nuh-buhss)
A Jewish leader in the early church and one of those who helped the apostle Paul in his ministry. His real name was Joseph; people called him Barnabas because of his helpful way with words. Barnabas means "son of encouragement"
Acts 4:36
Acts 15:36-39
Galatians 2:13
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Bartholomew    (* son of Tolmai)
(bar-thol-uh-myoo)
One of Jesus' Twelve disciples, possibly the same man as Nathanael.
Matthew 10:3
Mark 3:18
Luke 6:14
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Baruch  (* blessed)
(bah-rook)
Jeremiah's assistant. Baruch wrote down Jeremiah's prophecies and read them to the people.
Jeremiah 32:12
One of those who rebuilt a section of the walls of Jerusalem; a priest; son of Zabbai.
Nehemiah 3:20
One of the Jewish leaders who settled in Jerusalem after the walls were rebuilt; son of Col-Hozeh.
Nehemiah 11:5
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bath
(bath)
A liquid measure equal to about 22 liters, or six gallons; equivalent to one ephah.
Isaiah 5:10
Ezekiel 45:10-11
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Bathsheba (* daughter of the oath)
(bath-shee-buh)
The wife of Uriah with whom David committed adultery. Bathsheba became the mother of Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon.
2 Samuel 11:3
I Kings 2:13
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beast
(beest)
The being that comes from the Abyss in the prophesies of Revelation 11-20.
This beast tries to take the place of God on earth by demanding to be worshiped. He is the ultimate antichrist, but will be thrown into the lake of fire with the false prophet in the end.
Revelation 19:19-20
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Beatitudes
(bee-at-i-toodz)
"Blessings," the name given to the teachings of Jesus recorded in Matthew 5:3-12. The Beatitudes are part of the Sermon on the Mount
Matthew 5:3-12
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Beelzebub   (* Lord of the house)
(bee-el-zuh-buhb)
Another name for Satan. Several of the people who opposed Jesus accused him of casting out demons by using power from Beelzabub.
Matthew 10:25
Luke 11:15-19
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Beersheba(* well of the oath)
(bihr-shee-buh)
A town in the northern Negev that played a big part in Israel's history. Abraham and his son Isaac lived in this area for a long time. After the Israelites settled in Canaan, Beersheba was often spoken of as the southern border of Israel. There were several wells in Beersheba. The name means "well of the oath."
Genesis 21:31
1 Samuel 8:1-3
Nehemiah 11:25-30
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begotten
(bee-got-uhn)
See only begotten
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beka
(bee-kuh)
A unit of weight equal to about five and a half grams, or one-fifth of an ounce; 10 gerahs; one-half a shekel.
Exodus 38:25-26
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Belial
(bee-lee-uhl)
Another name for Satan.
2 Corinthians 6:15
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Belshazzar
(bel-shuh-zar)
One of the kings of Babylonia during the time of Daniel. Belshazzar was the king who saw a hand write a message on the wall, which Daniel interpreted as a message from God. His name means "may Bel protect the king."
Daniel 5:1-6
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Belteshazzar
(bel-tuh-shaz-ur)
The name that the Babylonians gave to Daniel  It means "protect his life." The spelling looks similar to that of one of the kings Daniel served, Beishazzar.
Daniel 1:7
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Benaiah   (* Jehovah hath built up)
(ben-eye-uh)
Commander of David's mighty men and of David's third militia of 24,000; son of Jehoiada of Kabzeel. He supported David when Adonijah laid claim to the throne. He replaced Joab as commander of the army under Solomon.
1 Chronicles 27:5-6
Commander of David's eleventh militia of 24,000; of the tribe of Ephraim.
1 Chronicles 27:14
A temple gatekeeper appointed to sing and play music during the return of the ark to Jerusalem from Kiriath Jearim.
1 Chronicles 15:18
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Benjamin   (* son of the right hand)
(ben-juh-min)
Jacob's youngest son and the tribe of Israel named after him. Rachel was his mother.
Genesis 35:18
Genesis 43:14-16
The land allotted to the tribe of Benjamin.
Joshua 21:17
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Benjamites
(ben-juh-mites)
People of the tribe of Benjamin; people descended from Benjamin.
Judges 3:15
1 Samuel 9:1
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Berea(* well watered)
(buh-ree-uh)
A city in southern Macedonia during the time of Paul and his missionary journeys. Paul and Silas started a church there. Luke praised the Christians of Berea because they studied carefully everything Paul taught them.
Acts 17:10-13
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Bethany    (* house of dates)
(beth-uh-nee)
A village in Israel during the time of Jesus just east of Jerusalem on the other side of the Mount of Olives. Bethany was Mary and Lazarus' home town. Jesus visited Bethany several times.
Matthew 2l:17
John 11:1
The area or town east of the Jordan River where John baptized
John 1:28
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Bethel (* house of God)
(beth-uhl)
A city in the land of Israel northwest of Ai.  Abraham camped near Bethel when he first arrived in Canaan. Jacob had his dream there fleeing from Esau. After Joshua's conquest, it was given to the tribe of Ephraim.
Genesis 12:8
Genesis 28:10-22
Judges 20:26-28
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Bethlehem    (* house of bread)
(beth-luh-hem)
A small city in Judah nine kilometers south of Jerusalem. This is Bethlehem in Judah, where Jesus was born as predicted in Micah 5:2. It is called Bethlehem Ephrathah because it was originally known as Ephrath.
1 Samuel 16:1
Matthew 2:1
A town northwest of Nazareth in the land of Zebulun.
Joshua 19:14-15
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Bethuel        (* abode of God)
 (beth-u-el)
Rebekah's father
Genesis 22:22
A town occupied by the tribe of Simeon.
Joshua 19:4
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Bezalel     (* in the shadow of God)
(bez-uh-lel)
Foreman in charge of building the tabernacle when the Israelites were traveling in the wilderness (during the Exodus). God told Moses to give him the job.
Exodus 31:2-11
One of those who had to make some changes under Ezra's reform.
Ezra 10:30
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Bildad (* Bel hath loved)
(bil-dad)
One of Job's friends. Bildad believed that Job suffered because he and his children had sinned and were trying to hide it.
Job   2:11
Job   8:1-7
Job 18:1,21
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birthright
(burth-rite)
The right of the firstborn son to become head of the family and to get a double share of the inheritance when the father died. Jacob became famous for getting Esau to trade his birthright for a single meal.
Genesis 25:29-34
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Bithynia
(bi-thi-nee-uh)
A region in Asia Minor along the southern side of the Black Sea.  Paul made plans to preach there, but God sent him to Troas. The apostle Peter addressed his first letter to believers in Bithynia.
Acts 16:7
1 Peter 1:1
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blameless
(blaym-less)
Innocent; not at fault; not guilty.
Genesis 6:9
Psalm 18:25
Philippians 2:14-15
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bless
(bless)
To wish well of someone else; to say words of  belief  in another person's promise for the future; to state a wish for someone's well being.
Genesis 49:28
Hebrews 11:1
To ask God's favor on someone; to ask God take care of someone.
Matthew 5:44
To praise or extol
Psalm 103:1,2
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blessed
(blest)
Given special favor from God; happy.
Matthew 5:3-11
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blessing
(bless-ing)
A word or statement of hope for God's favor.
Genesis 28:4
Hebrews 6:7
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Boaz (* fleetness)
(boh-az)
Husband of Ruth; father of Obed; grandfather of Jesse; great-grandfather of David.
Ruth 2:1-5
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book of life
(buk uhv life)
The names of all those who will live with God forever in heaven; the list of all true believers in Christ
Revelation 3:5
Revelation 20:12
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book of the annals of Solomon
(buk uhv the ann-uhls uhv sol-uh-muhn)
A set of writings that that existed in Old Testament times but not today.
1Kings 11:41
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book of the history of the kings of Israel
(buk uhv the hiss-tuh-ree uhv the kings uhv iz-ree-uhl)
A set of writings that existed in Old Testament times but not today.
2 Kings 14:15
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book of the history of the kings of Judah
(buk uhv the hiss-tuh-ree uhv the kings uhv joo-duh)
A set of writings that existed in Old Testament times but not today.
2 Kings 14:18
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Book of the Law
(buk uhv the law)
The first five books of the Bible; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy;
often called the Pentateuch, the Law of Moses, the Book of the Law of God, and the books of history.
Joshua 8:31
Joshua 23:6
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books of history
(buks uhv hiss-tuh-ree)
The Old Testament books of Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther.
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books of law
(buks uhv law)
The Old Testament books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy; also called the Pentateuch.
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books of poetry
(buks uhv poh-i-tree)
The Old Testament books of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Songs.
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Booths, Feast of
(boothz, feest uhv)
See Feast of Booths
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born again
(born uh-gen)
Born of God's Spirit; reborn; saved. Jesus told Nicodemus, "I assure you, unless you are born again you can never see the Kingdom of God"( John 3:3). Nicodemus did not understand this. Jesus explained it in John 3:5-17.
John 3:1-21
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bread of the Presence
(bred uhv the prez-uhnss)
Twelve loaves of bread prepared and eaten weekly by the priests as part of their ritual duties.  They were to bake one for each tribe of Israel and place them all on a gold table in the holy place of the tabernacle. Leviticus 24:5-9 contains the instructions that God gave to Moses.
Leviticus 24:8
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brothers in Christ
(bruh-thurz in kriste)
An expression that refers to all believers; all Christians.
Isaiah 66:20
Acts 9:30
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Bul
(buhl)
The eighth month of the Israelite year, overlapping October and November.
1 Kings 6:38
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bull
(buhl)
A male of cattle, one of the kinds of animals the Israelites were allowed to sacrifice for sin. People who could not afford a bull were allowed to sacrifice a dove or pigeon instead. Some of the Canaanites made bull idols. The first of the Ten Commandments forbids this.
Numbers 23:29
Ezra 6:9
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burnt offering
(burnt awf-ur-ing)
One of three kinds of sacrifices that the Israelites made to pay for sin. A person who wanted to make a burnt offering would bring a perfect young bull, sheep, goat, pigeon, or dove to the temple, place his hands on the animal's head, kill it, and give it to the priests. The priests would then burn the animal on the altar. This is the only kind of offering that was completely burned up; all other kinds of offerings were eaten by the priests. The rules for burnt offerings can be found in Leviticus 1:1-17 and 6:8-13
Genesis 8:20
Hebrews 10:6-8
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