Moses' older brother and one of the men who led Israel out of slavery in Egypt.Ab (* father)
Fifth month of the Israelite year overlapping July and August. Ab is not mentioned in the Bible.Abaddon
A word that means "destruction." It is used to describe death.abba
An Aramaic word for father. Children used it to address their fathers, and students used it to address their teachers.Abednego
One of the three Hebrew men thrown into the fiery furnace for refusing to bow down to the statue that King Nebuchadnezzar made. Abednego was the name given to him by the Babylonians. His Hebrew name was Azariah.Abel (* breath, vapor)
The second son born to Adam and Eve; Cain's younger brother.Abiathar (* father of abundance)
Genesis 4:2, 8
A priest at Nob when King Saul tried to kill all of the priests there. Abiathar escaped to become one of King David's counselors.Abib
1 Samuel 22: 20 - 21
2 Samuel 15:24
I Kings 2:27
The first month of the Israelite year, overlapping March and April. Abib is called Nisan in Nehemiah 2:1.Abiezer (* father is help)
Exodus 13:3 - 4
A name that means "my father is help."Abigail (* father is joy)
• A clan in the tribe of Mannaseh. Gideon was a member of this clan.
• One of David's mighty men. He had command of 24,000 men in David's militia.
2 Samuel 23:27
• One of David's wives and mother of David's second son Daniel. Before marrying David, she was a widow of Nabal, a wealthy man who refused to help David while David was on the run from King Saul.Abihu (* he is my father)
1 Samuel 25:3, 23
1 Samuel 25:39
• One of David's sisters.
One of Aaron's sons, a priest. His name means "he is my father."
Abijah (* my father is Jehovah)
At least five people:Abimelech (* Melich is father)
• Son of Reheboam and second king of Judah after his father; also known as Abijam. Abijah declared war on the northern kingdom of Israel for rebelling against his father. He reigned three years and was succeeded by his son Asa.
I Chronicles 3:1O
I Chronicles 12:16
1 Kings 15: 6 - 8
• Samuel's second son.
I Chronicles 6:28
I Chronicles 24:5 - 10
• A descendant of Aaron, appointed by David to be a priest
1 Kings 14:1-4
• A son of Jeroboam I.
• One of the family heads at the time of Zerubbabel
2 Chronicles 29:l-2
• King Hezekiah's mother.
2 Kings 18:1-2
Three Philistine kings and one Israelite:Abner (* father is light)
•A king of Philistia in Abraham's time.
•A king of Philistia in Isaac's time.
1 Chronicles 18:16
2 Samuel 8:17
• A king of Philistia in David's time. It is possible that in Philistia, "Abimilech" was a title, like "king" rather than a personal name.
•Illegitimate son of Gideon who murdered 69 of his half-brothers.
A relative of Saul who commanded Saul's army. He was murdered by Joab after Saul's death.abomination
1 Samuel 14:50-51
2 Samuel 3: 26-27
Something God hates.Abraham (* father of a multitude)
Father of the Hebrew nation, first called Abram. God called Abram out of Ur ofAbram (* exalted father)
the Chaldeans and told him to go to "a land I will show you." Abram obeyed. God promised to make him into a great nation and changed his name to Abraham, "father of many." All semitic peoples trace their roots to Abraham; the Jews through his son Isaac, the Arabs through his son Ishmael.
The name that Abraham had before God changed it; the name Abraham had when God first called him out of Ur of the Chaldeans.Absalom (* father is peace)
Third son of King David who once led a rebellion against his father. King Rehoboam married Absalom's daughter, Maacah.
2 Samuel 13:20-22
2 Samuel 15:7-11
2 Chronicles 11:20-21
A place of torment reserved for Satan and his demons. This is not the same as the lake of fire.Achala
A Roman province and the smallest region of Greece on the Peloponnesus at the time of Christ, directly south of Macedonia. Its most famous biblical city was Corinth.Acropolis
2 Corinthians 1:1
A very large hill in Athens where the temple of Athena (the Parthenon) stands.Acts, book of
The fifth book of the New Testament. Acts records "the acts of the apostles," the leaders of Christianity after Christ returned to heaven. The book tells of the spread of Christianity from Jerusalem to the Roman world, and from the Jews to the Gentiles. It was written by Luke, the same man who wrote the Gospel of Luke, sometime between A.D. 62 and 70.Adam (* One made or produced)
The first man God created. Adam was created perfect. But Adam's decision to disobey God's instructions brought sin into the world. From that day on, all people ever born would eventually sin in their life. That is why God required the Israelites to make an offering and why he sent his Son Jesus.Adar
•A city on the banks of the Jordan River 28 kilometers north of Jericho, just south of where Jabbok River meets the Jordan.
The twelfth month of the Israelite year, overlapping February and March.Adonijah (* my Lord is Jehovah)
•David's fourth son by his wife Haggith. Adonijah laid claim to the throne after David,Agape
but David had already promised it to Solomon.
2 Samuel 3:4
1 Kings 1:5-7,53
1 Kings 2:23-25
•A Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in Judah.
2 Chronicles 17:8-9
•One of the Israelite leaders who agreed to Nehemiah's covenant
Nehemiah 10:1,14, 16
A Greek word for love that implies selfless giving. One of the most famous examples is in John 3:16, "For God so loved the world that he gave his only son so that everyone that believes in him will not perish but have eternal life."Agrippa
2 Corinthians 2:4
See Herrod AgrippaAhab (* father's brother)
• Seventh king of Israel and husband of Jezebel. Ahab encouraged the worship of Baal, a false god. Elijah defeated Ahab's prophets of Baal in a showdown at Mount Carmel.Ahaz (* he hath grasped)
1 Kings 16:29-33
1 Kings 22:39
• A false prophet during the time of Jeremiah.
•Twelfth king of Judah who promoted the worship of false gods.Ahaziah (* Jehovah hath grasped)
2 Kings 16:14
2 Chronicles 28: 24-25
•One of King Saul's great-great-grandsons.
1 Chronicles 8:35-36
•Son of Ahab and eighth king of Israel.Ahijah
I Kings 22:51-53
2 Kings 1:1-2
•Son of Jehoram and sixth king of Judah (also called Jehoahaz).
2 Chronicles 22:1-5
At least nine people held this name, the most important of whom were these two:Ahithophel (* my brother is folly)
•A prophet from Shiloh who told Solomon that his kingdom would be divided, with 10 of the tribes going to Jeroboam 1.
1 Kings 11:29-31
•One of David's mighty men.
1 Chronicles 11:36
One of David's most trusted counselors. Ahithophel betrayed David and joined Absalom's rebellion. He committed suicide after his plans failed.alleluia
2 Samuel 16:23
2 Samuel 15:12
2 Samuel 17:23
See hallelujahalms, almsgiving
Gifts to the poor. God wanted the Israelites to share with the poor. Jesus added that alms be given without noisy display.Alpha and Omega
A term for both God and Jesus found only in the book of Revelation. Alpha and Omega are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. The term means that God is eternal and over all.altar
A place of sacrifice or worship. An altar could be as simple as a pile of stones or as elaborate as the bronze table that the Israelites built at God's instructions to Moses. Burnt offerings were always to be made on the altar.Amalek
Esau's grandson and father of the Amalekite clanAmaziah (* Jehovah is strong)
Genesis 36:12, 16
Four people had this name, the most important of which were these two:Amen
•Son of King Joash and ninth king of Judah after his father. Amaziah was known as a good man who did not go as far as he could have in clearing the land of pagan high places shrines. He was assassinated by his own people after 29 years of rule.
1 Chronicles 3:12
2 Chronicles 25:14-16
•A priest in Israel who accused the prophet Amos of treason against Jeroboam II.
An expression that means "so be it" It comes from the word's root meaning of "surely" or "truth"Ammonites
The people descended from Ben-Ammi, the son born to Lot's daughter. God told the Israelites to be kind to the Ammonites. Sadly, the Ammonites abused this kindness during the reign of Jehoshaphat in Jerusalem.Amon (* a master workman)
2 Chronicles 2O:1-4
Son of Manasseh and fifteenth king of Judah after his father. Amon was an evil king and was assassinated by his own servants after only two years of rule.Amorites
2 Kings 21:19-24
A common name for the people who lived in Canaan before the Israelites; the Canaanites. It often referred to groups that lived in the hills as opposed to the plains.Amos (* burden)
1 Samuel 7:14
A prophet from Tekoa in Judah whom God called to preach to the northern kingdom of Israel.Amos, book of
Thirtieth book of the Old Testament and third of the minor prophets. The book of Amos condemns the northern kingdom of Israel for its idolatry and neglect of the poor. It was written by the prophet Amos during the reign of Jereboom II.Ananias (* Jehovah hath been gracious)
•Husband of Sapphira who lied to church leaders about the money that he and his wife had given to the church.Ancient of Days
•The Christian living in Damascus who welcomed Saul of Tarsus right after Saul's conversion.
•High priest in Jerusalem that Paul called a "whitewashed wall."
A name for God found only in the book of Daniel.Andrew (* manly)
Daniel 7:9, 13, 22
One of Jesus' Twelve disciples. He was Simon Peter's brother and a fisherman.angel
A spiritual being much like a cherub but with a different job. The main job of an angel is to do God's Will, serve people and deliver messages to them.Anna (* grace)
A prophetess who lived when Jesus was presented at the temple. She was one of the first to recognize Jesus as the Messiah.Annas (* merciful)
High priest of Israel during Jesus' childhood, from AD. 6 to A.D. 15. Later in life, he served as an advisor to his son-in-law Calaphas.anoint
To pour a special oil on a person or thing and set apart that person or thing as holy. When a priest anointed a person, it meant that the person had God's favor or blessing. Being anointed meant being dedicated to God's service. God required that anointing oil be made in a certain way (Exodus 30:22-33).anointing oil
Oil made according to the instructions of Exodus 30:22-33.antichrist
•Any person who is against Christ and tries to lead people away from him.Antioch
1 John 2:18
1 John 2:22
•One person who will lead the entire world away from God right before Jesus returns.
1 John 4:3
A major city in Syria about 500 kilometers north of Jerusalem. Believers in Christ were first called Christians there. Paul used it as a base of his ministry.Antipas, Herod
See Herod AntipasApocalypse, the
Another name for the Book of Revelation. "Apocalypse" means revelationApollos (* learned)
A Jewish Christian who taught and led others in the church when Christianity was still very new. He met the apostle Paul in Ephesus during Paul's third missionary journey. Apollos had been teaching the Christians there.Apollyon (* a destroyer)
A Greek form of the Hebrew word Abaddon. It is used in Revelation 9:11 as a name for Satan.apostle (* one sent forth)
A person who received instructions from Jesus to lead and teach others about Christ. The word means "one who is sent."Aquila and Priscilla ( Aquila, *eagle; Priscilla, * ancient)
A husband and wife pair of Christians who were friends of Paul. They lived in Corinth when Paul went there on his second missionary journey. Aquila had the same kind of job Paul had; he made tents.Arabia (* desert or barren)
1 Corinthians 16:19
The Arabian peninsula southeast of Palestine. The countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Bahrain, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar; and Kuwait occupy this land today.Aram
2 Chronicles 9:13-14
•A son of Shem and father of the Aramean people.Aramaic
•A very large area northeast of Palestine settled by people descended from Aram, Noah's grandson. This area was sometimes called Syria, but it occupies a much larger area than modern Syria.
The language of the Arameans. Aramaic was a lot like Hebrew, and some people of the Bible used it. It was the main language in use during the time of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Daniel.Arameans
People descended from Aram, the grandson of Noah. They lived in the land of Aram and included the Syrians and the Assyrians. They were a major part of Israel's history for hundreds of years. They harassed and oppressed Israel during the time of the judges, resisted David and Solomon's rule, and by the eighth century B.C. captured most of the northern tribes of Israel
Ararat (* high ground)
The mountain on which Noah's ark came to rest after the flood. It ss located in Armenia near Lake Van, on northern border of modern Turkey.Araunah
The Jebusite man who sold his threshing floor, and the land around it, to David. Thisarchangel
small piece of land became site of Solomon's temple.
2 Samuel 24:24
1 Chronicles 2l:25
A word used only of the angel Michael, also called prince of Israel. Michael is the chief or most powerful angel.Ariel (* lion of God)
Daniel 10:13, 21
1 Thessalonians 4:16
•One of the men who helped Ezra lead the reform in Israel.Arimathea
•A name for Jerusalem used by the prophet Isaiah.
"A city of the Jews" in New Testament times, hometown to Joseph.ark
A box or chest used as a place of safety. In the Bible, this word is used to describe the boat that God told Noah to build. It kept Noah, his family, and the animals safe during the flood. Noah built it exactly as long, high, and wide as God told him. It was made of gopher wood and waterproofed with tar.Ark of the Covenant
2 Peter 2:5
The most sacred object in Israel's worship. It was a box or chest made of acacia wood and overlaid with gold. On top was a "mercy seat" of gold, so called because the blood of the sacrificial lamb was sprinkled there once a year on the Day of Atonement. Two cherubim sat at either end of the lid. Inside were the two tablets of the Ten Commandments, a gold pot of manna, and Aaron's rod.Armageddon (* the hill or city of Megiddo)
The ark was kept in the Most Holy Place of the tabernacle during the Exodus, and in
the Most Holy Place of the temple after Solomon built it. The ark was never to be touched; it could only be carried by slipping two poles through rings at each of the four corners. Other names for the Ark of the Covenant include Ark of the Testimony, Ark of the Lord, and Ark of God.
The place where all the armies of the world will meet in the very last rebellion against God. It is probably the valley between Mt. Carmel and Jezreel, though no one knows for sure.armor bearer
A person who carried a warrior's shield and sometimes spare weapons. Kings and officers always had an armor-bearer. Goliath had one.Artaxerxes
1 Samuel 14:6
King of Persia during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah, the one who allowed these Jewish men to return to Jerusalem. His full name was Artaxerxes I Longimanus.Asa (* physician or healer)
He was the son of Xerxes I and ruled 40 years (464-424 B.C.).
Son of Abjah and third king of Judah. Asa was one of the few kings of Judah that obeyed God and led the people in doing the same. He reigned 41 years in Jerusalem.ascension, the
I Kings 15:13
The return of Jesus to heaven. After Jesus rose from the dead, he met and talked with his disciples over a period of 40 days. Then he went back to take his place at the Father's right hand, where he reigns as our King and serves as our High PriestAsenath (* belonging to Neith)
Egyptian mother of Manasseh and Ephraim; daughter of Potiphera; wife of Jacob's son Joseph.Ashdod (* a strong hold)
One of the five main cities of Philistia. When the Philistines captured the ark of the covenant, they carried it to the temple of Dogon in Ashdod.Asher (* happy)
• Son of Jacob and the tribe of Israel named after him. Zilpah was his mother.Ashtoreth
1 Samuel 5:1-2
•The land allotted to the tribe of Asher.
A goddess of the Sidonians, also called Astarte.Asia
The kingdom of Israel was split in two partly because Solomon stopped worshiping God and worshiped Ashtoreth, against the first commandment (Exodus 20:3-4).
In New Testament times, a province of the Roman Empire in the region later known as Asia Minor (modem Turkey). Major cities in the province of Asia included Ephesus, Smyma, and Pergamum. The New Testament letter of Colossians was written to the Asian town of Colosse.assembly
1 Corinthians 16:19
A meeting of believers; a congregation; a group of God's people gathered to worshipAsshur
The chief god of Assyria, the Assyrians and the city that once served as their capital; AssyriaAssyria
The Aramean people that lived in upper Mesopotamia; the land occupied by the Assyrians. The land of Assyria lay to the north of Babylonia. The Assyrians were among Israel's bitterest enemies. During the time of the divided kingdom, God used the mighty Assyrian army to judge the northern kingdom of Israel.astrologers
People who studied the stars. Some astrologers worshiped the stars or believed that the stars affected people and life on earth. God forbade the worship of any false god, including stars and planets. The wise men of Babylon were astrologers. The magi who gave gifts to the baby Jesus were probably astrologers.Athaliah
Queen over Judah after Jehoahaz, the only queen ever to rule the Israelites and one ofAthens (* city of Athene)
their most evil rulers. She murdered all but one of her grandsons, Joash, who was rescued by his aunt. Athaliah reigned for six years.
2 Kings 11:1-3
2 Chronicles 22:12
Greece's most famous city and a city in the Roman province of Achaia in New Testament times.atonement
Removal of God's anger against sin by means of a gift. Jesus Christ offered his life as the ultimate atonementAugustus (* vulnerable)
See Caesar AugustusGo Home
1 Thessalonians 3:1
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